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Lecture 18

PHIL-105 FA2 Lecture Notes - Lecture 18: Asceticism


Department
PHIL - PHILOSOPHY
Course Code
PHIL-105 FA2
Professor
ianrhoad
Lecture
18

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Lecture Notes 4/4/2017
The soul is created historically and is not innate and is not immortal and might not always be
there, it was just a creation by mankind
The soul for Descartes is created by God
Nietzsche says the "I think, therefore I am" is a grammatical mistake and that thinking
doesn’t need anything behind it.
Animals need the soul to lacerate ourselves and take pleasure in punishment. Lightning can
fully express itself but animal drives get stopped and this energy has to go somewhere and
it ends up going inward on itself
o Feel ones wills and others and willing nothingness is even an experience of willing
ones own power
The soul is a result of certain drives and turning within
The creditor/debtor relationship is what fosters the idea of guilt and responsibility
The third essay of Nietzsche is what is the meaning of ascetic ideals?
Art of interpretation in the third treatise and is about wisdom and truth and calls the value
of truth into question
Looks at what it means to artists, philosophers, priests, and scientists
o Trying to isolate and bring into focus a certain form of personality that expresses
themselves differently
Asceticism is self-denial for the sake of something
The Priest is productive and creates values
When the slave revolt happens, they are the ones that it comes from
There was a priestly aristocracy, though
The powerful always take from their position the right to name what is right and what is
wrong because of their position
All the penance you do are ways of numbing yourself to a sort of animalistic suffering it and
channeling it in something else
This is the source of the Priest's powers
Devalues life through the work on emotional life of a group of people
The meaning of an ascetic ideal for a philosopher is self-indulgent but independent
Artists shouldn’t be trusted when it comes to the ascetic ideal because they aren't strong
enough to stand up on their own
Philosophers don’t want anything to take them away from their philosophical drives
Relationship between the philosopher and the priest
They are similar because they redirect the weakness
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