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Arizona State University
Cultural Geography
GCU 114
Daniel Hume

GSAC XX Round 1 Toss-ups 1. Hans Eysenck developed the PEN model of this concept, which was described using proprium and dispositions by Gordon Allport. One test created by Hathaway and McKinley uses ten numbered scales to describe this concept, and it was explained by Lewis Goldberg using a “Big Five” model. It can be measured using four dichotomies with a test created by Myers and Briggs, and Rorschach described this concept using an individual’s interpretation of an inkblot. For 10 points, name this concept which describes a person’s feelings, thoughts, and behaviors. ANSWER: Personality 2. The degradation of this molecule in the body causes Ehlers-Danlos syndrome, and osteoblasts synthesize matrices composed primarily of this compound. Integrins bind fibronectin and the Type IV of this molecule. Every third amino acid of this protein is glycine, and it requires Vitamin C for its synthesis. This protein composed of proline and hydroxyproline has a triple helix structure and is mineralized to form bone. For 10 points, identify this most abundant protein in mammals that is the main component of connective tissue. ANSWER: Collagen 3. This country’s Antarctic claim is known as the Ross Dependency, which was the home of the World Park Base. Lake Taupo was formed as a caldera following a supervolcanic eruption in this country, and its city of Christchurch was rocked by multiple earthquakes in 2010. The highest point in this country, Aoraki, lies in its Southern Alps, and it is divided into two parts by the Cook Strait. For 10 points, name this country divided into North and South Islands, whose cities include Auckland and Wellington. ANSWER: New Zealand 4. One event in this conflict was Operation Gazelle, which led to the Battle of the Chinese Farm. Twelve hours after this conflict began, UN Security Council Resolution 338 attempted to implement a cease-fire. Following this conflict Henry Kissinger successfully negotiated troop disengagements through his “shuttle diplomacy,” and the United States’ support of one side in this war led to an embargo by OPEC. This conflict began with concurrent offensives by Syria attacking the Golan Heights and Egypt crossing the Suez Canal. For 10 points, name this 1973 war that began with a surprise attack on Israel on the Jewish Day of Atonement. ANSWER: Yom Kippur War [accept Ramadan War or October War or Fourth Arab-Israeli War] 5. One of this author’s characters shoots himself after he reveals that he had sexual relations with his mentally disabled sister and later caused her to commit suicide. Another of his works sees an American pilot imprisoned after his plane is shot down, and this author of The Catch wrote a novel in which Himiko suggests to one character that he kill his son and flee to Africa. The mental disability of this author’s son influenced his writing of a novel featuring the teacher Bird, and he also wrote about Mitsu and Takashi returning to their native village. For 10 points, name this Japanese author of A Personal Matter and The Silent Cry. ANSWER: Kenzaburo Oe GSAC XX Round 1 6. This philosopher used the analogy of a postal directory to argue that the world is neither exclusively mental nor physical. He analyzed definite descriptions and examined the sentence “Scott is the author of Waverley” in his essay “On Denoting.” This thinker criticized Christ in one work for believing in Hell, and the set of all sets that are not members of themselves is known as his namesake paradox. This author of “Why I Am Not a Christian” published a three part work on formal logic which he co-authored with Alfred North Whitehead. For 10 points, name this British philosopher and co-author of Principia Mathematica. ANSWER: Bertrand Arthur William Russell 7. The Kievan Rus were defeated at the Battle of the Kalka River by this man’s armies, and he also defeated his one-time ally Jamukha and the Naimans. This husband of Borte adopted the Uyghur script, and his armies slaughtered the civilians of Urgench. The creator of the Yassa Code, he declined to name his son Jochi as successor, and his general Subotai led the conquest of the Khwarezmian Empire. He was succeeded by Ogedei and was the grandfather of Kublai. Also known as Temujin, For 10 points, name this founder of the Mongol Empire. ANSWER: Genghis Khan [accept Temujin before mention] 8. For an electric dipole, this quantity can be calculated as the cross product of its dipole moment and the electric field. Two forces which cause a net force of zero but a nonzero value for this quantity are known as a couple. The direction of this quantity can be determined with the right hand rule, and it is the time derivative of angular momentum. It is computed as the cross product of lever arm and force, or alternatively as the product of angular acceleration and moment of inertia. For 10 points, name this rotational analogue of force. ANSWER: Torque [accept Moment of Force; do not accept “Moment of Inertia”] 9. In this work, the protagonist alludes to Phaeton and Icarus to describe his fear while riding on a hairy beast with the face of a man. Two demons chase after an escaped swindler before getting stuck in boiling tar, and a messenger demands the opening of the gate to the City of Dis. This work begins with the protagonist encountering a leopard, a lion, and a she-wolf. One scene depicts Ugolino eating the back of Ruggieri’s head, and another tells of the adultery of Paolo and Francesca. For 10 points, name this first section of Dante’s The Divine Comedy, in which Dante is guided through Hell by Virgil. ANSWER: Inferno [prompt on The Divine Comedy or La Divina Commedia before mention] 10. This composer wrote a string octet in which he noted that “pianos and fortes must be strictly observed.” This composer of the aforementioned octet in E-flat major also wrote a violin concerto in E minor that was the first concerto to open with solo violin instead of the orchestra. He included three “Venetian Boat Songs” in a collection composed of eight books containing six songs each titled Songs without Words, and he also recreated the echoes of Fingal’s Cave in his Hebrides Overture. For 10 points, name this composer who wrote the incidental music to A Midsummer Night’s Dream. ANSWER: Jakob Ludwig Felix Mendelssohn-Bartholdy GSAC XX Round 1 11. Solutions to the Einstein field equations for these entities are named for Reissner, Nordstrom, and Kerr. Energy and mass can theoretically be extracted from them in their ergospheres, and they are completely characterized by their mass, angular momentum, and charge. These entities are subject to the no-hair theorem, and they are predicted to emit Hawking radiation. Their size can be described using the Schwarzschild radius, and at their center lies a gravitational singularity. For 10 points, name these massive astronomical objects from which light cannot escape. ANSWER: Black Holes 12. The narrator of this poem states that “All breathing human passion far above,” and in the first stanza, he wonders “What leaf-fringed legend haunts about thy shape.” One section of this work describes a “heifer lowing at the skies” led by a “mysterious priest,” while another urges “ye soft pipe” to “play on” since “Heard melodies are sweet, but those unheard / Are sweeter.” The title “foster-child of Silence and slow Time” is described as an “Attic shape,” and this work begins by addressing the “still unravish’d bride of quietness.” For 10 points, name this poem which proclaims that “Beauty is truth, truth beauty,” written by John Keats. ANSWER: “Ode on a Grecian Urn” 13. This god once took the form of Gangrad to compete in a contest of wits against Vafthrudnir. He seduced a giantess to steal the Mead of Poetry, and this deity is the owner of the ring Draupnir. This owner of the spear Gungnir joined with his brothers Villi and Ve to slay Ymir, and he hung from the world tree Yggdrasil for nine days and nine nights to gain wisdom. News is brought to this god by the two ravens Huginn and Muninn, and he sacrificed an eye to gain wisdom from Mimir’s well. Destined to be killed by Fenrir at Ragnarok, For 10 points, name this chief god of Norse mythology. ANSWER: Odin 14. In one of this composer’s works, two “Albanians” threaten to swallow arsenic, which also features the aria “Come Scoglio” sung by Fiordiligi. Don Alfonso offers to prove to Ferrando and Guglielmo that their girlfriends are unfaithful in that opera, while another of his works features the aria “Der Holle Rache,” during which Pamina is ordered to murder Sarastro. In addition to composing Cosi fan Tutte, this man composed an opera in which The Queen of the Night bestows the title musical instrument upon Tamino and another in which a statue drags the title character to hell. For 10 points, name this composer of Don Giovanni and The Magic Flute. ANSWER: Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart 15. General Bourbaki refused to send in the Old Guard during one battle of this conflict, and another battle saw one side successfully utilize Krupp cannons. Giuseppe Garibaldi led the Army of the Vosges during this war which saw the formation of the Third Republic. One side was starved out by a siege at Metz, and it began after Vincent Benedetti’s remarks were edited in the Ems Dispatch. Mac-Mahon’s defeat by von Moltke at the Battle of Sedan led to the capture of Napoleon III in this conflict. For 10 points, name this war in which the territory of Alsace- Lorraine was annexed by the side led by Otto von Bismarck. ANSWER: Franco-Prussian War [accept Franco-German War or 1870 War] GSAC XX Round 1 16. Alberto Pelagutti cheats on a “preference test” in this author’s short story “You Can’t Tell a Man by the Song He Sings.” “Iron Rinn” loses his job as a result of his political affiliation in his novel I Married A Communist, and Charles Lindbergh defeats FDR in the Election of 1940 in The Plot Against America. Coleman Silk loses his job because of accusations of racism in this author’s The Human Stain. One of his novels depicts the title character relating his sexual exploits to Dr. Spielvogel, and many of his works feature the recurring character Nathan Zuckerman. For 10 points, name this Jewish-American author of Portnoy’s Complaint. ANSWER: Philip Milton Roth [accept “You Can’t Tell a Man by the Song He Sings” before “this author’s”] 17. Naphthalene is created when two of these molecules fuse together. A hydrogen halide is produced when this compound reacts with a haloalkane and a Lewis acid catalyst in the Friedel- Crafts alkylation. Replacing one of its hydrogen atoms with a functional group can produce phenol and toluene, and one of its properties arises from its 4n + 2 pi electrons where n equals 1 according to Hückel’s rule. Kekule proposed this molecule’s alternating double bonds and ringlike structure. For 10 points, name this simplest aromatic hydrocarbon with formula C6H6. ANSWER: Benzene [accept C6H6 before end] 18. One artist from this movement created a work in which a man looks through a peephole, only to observe that nobody is in the room. Another member displayed a cherry on top of a curved spoon, a work that is now located in Minneapolis. Along with Tom Wesselmann, it featured an artist who depicted a drowning blue-haired girl and a man who became famous for his paintings of maps and flags. This movement that Jasper Johns was a part of included works incorporating Ben-Day dots and comic strips. For 10 points, name this art movement whose members like Roy Lichtenstein and Andy Warhol depicted everyday items such as Campbell’s Soup Cans. ANSWER: Pop art 19. Andreas of Caesarea wrote several commentaries on this book, which in one section describes how water became bitter after the star Wormwood fell on the Earth. The second and third chapters of this book include epistles to the seven churches of Asia, and it describes an evil woman named the Whore of Babylon. The author of this book recounts seeing a seven-headed dragon, and it features a series of trumpet blasts and the opening of the seven seals. Written by John of Patmos, For 10 points, name this final book of the Bible about the apocalypse. ANSWER: Book of Revelation [do not accept “Book of Revelations” or “Revelations”] 20. John Quincy Adams protected this man from censure after he ordered an invasion without authorization, and he ordered the execution of two British citizens during that military expedition. His role in that war led to the Adams-Onis treaty and his appointment as the military governor of Florida. This man signed the Force Bill, and the Petticoat Affair led to the creation of his “Kitchen Cabinet.” He fought the Bank War against Nicholas Biddle and was denied the presidency by the “Corrupt Bargain.” For 10 points, name this American president, the victor of the Battle of New Orleans. ANSWER: Andrew Jackson [prompt on “Old Hickory”] GSAC XX Round 1 TB. This author wrote about Nina’s marriage to Dain, after which the protagonist lives in an unfinished house, and another of his novels sees Sulaco become the Occidental Republic after seceding from Costaguana. This author of Almayer’s Folly and Nostromo wrote a work in which Stevie is trained to bomb the Greenwich Observatory by
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