GSAC XX Round 4
1. A variation of this experiment conducted by Black and Bevan involved handing out a
questionnaire to moviegoers. Participants in this experiment were observed through a one-way
mirror, and its results suggested that gender of the participants played a significant role in its
findings. It featured objects like crayons, a tea set, and plastic farm animals, and adults in this
experiment shouted phrases such as “Pow!” while using a mallet. For 10 points, name this
experiment conducted by Albert Bandura, during which children watched an adult act
aggressively towards the title toy.
ANSWER: Bobo doll experiment
2. This chemical ages rubber by creating radicals that destroy polyisoprene chains. It is often
used instead of chlorine to disinfect water, and this compound is continuously created through
the Chapman cycle. The reaction forming it can be reversed through the catalytic use of free
radicals such as nitric oxide, and the density of this compound can be measured using Dobson
units. It is often found in the lower stratosphere, where it acts to absorb ultraviolet light. For 10
points, name this gaseous allotrope of oxygen that forms a namesake layer in the atmosphere.
ANSWER: Ozone [accept O ]
3. This man competes against Leroy Finkelstein and Millard Snofgen in one music video before
asking for the announcer to “[j]ust tell me now what I didn‟t win.” In another song by this artist,
he advises the listener to “let your babies grow up to be cowboys,” while later claiming that
“mashed potatoes can be your friend.” His most recent album includes a song in which he claims
that “[w]e only torture the folks we don‟t like / You‟ll probably be okay.” For 10 points, name
this artist best known for his musical parodies such as “I Lost on Jeopardy,” “Dare to Be
Stupid,” and “Party in the CIA.”
ANSWER: Alfred Matthew “Weird Al” Yankovic [accept either]
4. A rock at Girnar contains an inscription calling this man “King Piyadasi,” and his wife Devi
gave birth to his son Mahindra. He ruled from Magadha, and this man inscribed messages in a
language known as Prakita. This ruler created a monument featuring four lions at Sarnath, and he
built many Rock Edicts and stupas throughout his empire. He sent emissaries to Sri Lanka and
began his most notable endeavor following the destruction of the Kalinga Empire. For 10 points,
name this grandson of Chandragupta, a Buddhist ruler of the Mauryan Empire.
ANSWER: Ashoka [accept Asoka]
5. In one of this man‟s works, cows give birth twice a day and a guard claims that his master
wrote the works of William Shakespeare. This man often wrote about a character that lures Dany
to her death at the “radiant city,” and this author of Exit the King and The Killer wrote a work in
which a dinner hosted by the Smiths is interrupted by the Fire Chief. He wrote about an old
couple that hosts a party for invisible people, and his most famous work features Berenger, who
is the only one in his town to avoid being turned into the title creature. For 10 points, name this
absurdist playwright of The Chairs and Rhinoceros.
ANSWER: Eugène Ionesco [accept Eugen Ionescu] GSAC XX Round 4
6. In one story, this deity supported Mount Mandarachala during the churning of the ocean, and
this deity holds a conch, lotus, mace, and a discus. One form of this god, Kalki, will end the Kali
Yuga era, and he tricked King Bali into allowing him to take three large steps after becoming the
dwarf Vamana. Other forms of this deity include Parushurama and a prince that defeated an evil
king on Lanka, and his consort is the goddess Lakshmi. For 10 points, name this preserver deity
of the Hindu Trimurti who took the form of ten avatars, the eighth of whom was Krishna.
7. The southern expansion of this empire was halted by the resistance of the Mapuche at the
Battle of the Maule. A system of runners known as chasquis was used to deliver messages
between the cities in this empire, whose last ruler was Tupac Amaru. This civilization kept
records using knotted strings known as quipus, and one ruler of this empire was captured at
Cajamarca, held for ransom, and executed. For 10 points, name this South American civilization
whose ruler, Atahualpa, was overthrown in 1533 by Francisco Pizarro.
ANSWER: Incan Empire [accept Incas or Incans or Tawantinsuyu]
8. The “halo” variety of these objects is found near drip lines. An equation modeling these
objects includes pairing, asymmetry, and surface terms and is based on Gamow‟s liquid drop
model. That equation fails to predict the increase in stability in these objects at certain “magic
numbers” such as 2 and 8. Their existence was discovered in an experiment in which alpha
particles were deflected by a sheet of gold, and J. J. Thomson‟s plum pudding model of the atom
lacked this structure. For 10 points, name this center of an atom which contains protons and
ANSWER: Nucleus [accept Nuclei]
9. One work by this composer includes parts for a gourd, temple blocks, woodblock, and tabor.
That piece utilized folk songs such as “El Palo Verde” and “La Jesusita” and was titled El Salon
Mexico. He included in another composition the songs “Camptown Races” and “Springfield
Mountain,” and that work included lines from the Gettysburg Address. Another work by this
composer of A Lincoln Portrait was choreographed by Martha Graham and included a theme
based on the Shaker melody “Simple Gifts” and a “Hoedown” movement. For 10 points, name
this American composer of Appalachian Spring and Rodeo.
ANSWER: Aaron Copland
10. In one work of this author, Alvina Houghton runs off with a traveling performer from her
father‟s theater business. That novel, The Lost Girl, is a sequel to a work of this man about
Gerald Crich and Rupert Birkin‟s love for the sisters Gudrun and Ursula Brangwen. This author
of Women in Love wrote about Paul and his death after picking Malabar to win the Derby in
“The Rocking Horse Winner.” Miriam Leivers and Clara Dawes fall in love with the protagonist
in another work of this author who wrote about the affairs of Constance and the gamekeeper
Oliver Mellors. For 10 points, name this author of Sons and Lovers and Lady Chatterley’s Lover.
ANSWER: David Herbert Lawrence GSAC XX Round 4
11. In this film, one character doodles a drawing of Rice Pops and later plays a game of tic-tac-
toe, which is promptly broken up. Another character in this film says he never sweats, despite it
being the hottest day of the year. A baseball fan in this film has tickets to a Yankees game and
occasionally picks on an Orioles fan in the room. A unique switchblade knife is key evidence in
this film, though one man refutes it by stabbing a similar blade into the table. For 10 points,
name this 1957 film starring Henry Fonda, in which the title jurors deliberate a seemingly open-
and-shut murder case.
ANSWER: 12 Angry Men
12. One member of this movement classified Wittgenstein and Heidegger as “abnormal” after
defining normal discourse in Philosophy and the Mirror of Nature. Another member of this
philosophy advocated for by Richard Rorty utilized the analogy of a man chasing a squirrel
around a tree. Three universal categories are described by its founder in the essay “How to Make
Our Ideas Clear,” and another proponent of this philosophy founded by C. S. Peirce wrote
Democracy and Education. For 10 points, name this school of thought that advocated
practicality, whose members included John Dewey and William James.
ANSWER: Pragmatism [accept word forms]
13. One character in this novel temporarily loses her hearing after asking if she was put in jail for
murder. That character is saved by Stamp Paid in the woodshed, and the protagonist of this novel
attacks Mr. Bodwin with an ice pick after going insane. Another character believes that his heart
is a tobacco tin with the lid closed tight, and the protagonist marries Baby Suggs‟ son Halle.
Sixo and Paul D. fail to escape the Sweet Home Plantation in, For 10 points, what novel which
sees Sethe kill her infant child to protect her from slavery, a work of Toni Morrison?
14. This phylum includes the rare Monoplacophora, the only trace of which was in fossils until
their rediscovery in 1952. Members of one class in this phylum possess a lid-like structure called
an operculum. Its members contain a non-muscular region known as the visceral mass, which
contains all their body organs, and they use odontophores to support their rows of teeth, known
as radulae. Classes in this phylum include cephalopods and gastropods. For 10 points, name this
invertebrate phylum that includes cuttlefish, squids, clams, and snails.
ANSWER: Mollusca [accept Mollusks]
15. This man was appointed Chancellor of the Exchequer while serving under the “Who? Who?”
ministry, and he tried to adjust the income tax to compensate for the repeal of the Corn Laws. He
purchased part of the Suez Canal Company using money borrowed from Lionel de Rothschild,
and he launched his nation‟s second invasion of Afghanistan. This Prime Minister described
Christianity as “completed Judaism” and introduced legislation recognizing Queen Victoria as
Empress of India. For 10 points, name this British Conservative Prime Minister of Jewish
descent, the political rival of William Gladstone.
ANSWER: Benjamin Disraeli GSAC XX Round 4
16. One of this author‟s novels features the ambitious writer Susan Barton, while another of his
works sees Melanie pursued romantically by her professor David Lurie. This author of Foe and
Disgrace wrote a novel in which the Third Bureau takes over a town during a state of
emergency. One of his novels depicts the protagonist attempting to take his mother Anna K. back
to her birthplace before she dies, but a better-known novel by this author sees Colonel Joll
torture and interrogate a barbarian woman and a magistrate. For 10 points, name this South
African author of Life & Times of Michael K and Waiting for the Barbarians.
ANSWER: John Maxwell Coetzee
17. The magnetic form of this quantity is computed by finding the negative dot product of the
dipole moment and the magnetic field strength. It is subtracted from a related quantity in the
Lagrangian, where it is symbolized V, and equilibrium occurs when this quantity is an extremum
with respect to x. For a spring, it is equal to one-half times the spring constant times
displacement squared, while the gravitational form of this quantity is mass times gravitational
acceleration times height. For 10 points, name this energy stored in a system due to configuration
or position, which is converted into kinetic energy.
ANSWER: Potential Energy [prompt on Energy; do not accept “potential”]
18. In one painting by this artist, a black-armored figure rides a white horse while battling the
title creature in St. George Fighting the Dragon. A crowd of people gather around the palace of
Pope Leo IV in his The Fire in the Borgo, and this student of Perugino depicted Jesus and John
the Baptist as they hold the title bird in his Madonna of the Goldfinch. He illustrated two bored-
looking cherubs in his Sistine Madonna, while his most famous work depicts Plato, Aristotle,
and other philosophers under an arch. For 10 points, name this artist of The School of Athens.
ANSWER: Raphael [accept either underlined name of Raffaello Sanzio da Urbino]
19. This religion‟s story of creation involves a giant being born from an egg and then molding
the earth for 18,000 years. A modern form of sacrifice in this religion involves burning Hell
Bank notes, while an ancient one involved setting out slaughtered animals for deities or ancestors
on certain dates. This religion‟s practice of internal alchemy is designed to cultivate compassion,
moderation, and humility, which are known collectively as the “Three Treasures.” One major
concept of this religion is going along with the nature of the world, which is known as wu wei.
For 10 points, name this Chinese religion founded by Laozi, whose name means “the way.”
ANSWER: Taoism [accept Daoism; accept word forms]
20. This man advocated for the creation of the “Rainbow” Division to avoid favoritism of any
particular state. He was the youngest judge to serve on the court martial of Billy Mitchell, and
this man led the force that dispersed the Bonus Army. His forces made a successful landing at
Inchon during the Korean War, although that did not prevent his dismissal by President Truman.
During World War II, he promoted the “island-hopping” strategy, and he later oversaw the
occupation of Japan. For 10 points, name this American general who famously proclaimed, “I
shall return,” after leaving the Philippines.
ANSWER: Douglas MacArthur GSAC XX Round 4
TB. The Red Queen‟s Hypothesis describes how this phenomenon results in counter-adaptation,
leading to a biological “arms race.” The European Cuckoo engages in the brood type of this
interaction by laying an egg in the nest of another species. Myco-heterotrophy is a form of this
interaction in which a plant unable to undergo photosynthesis establishes this relationship with a
fungus. Common examples of this relationship occur between fleas and dogs and between
tapeworms and humans. For 10 points, name this relationship between organisms in which one
side benefits while causing harm to its host.
ANSWER: Parasitism [accept w