HIST 1020 Lecture Notes - Lecture 2: Serfdom, Scorched Earth, French Revolution

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Napoleonic Era
1/19/17
I. Rise of Napoleon
a. Early life
i. Maser politician
ii. Controlled almost all of Europe (directly/indirectly)
iii. Born on Corsica to Italian family
iv. Shipped to military school to improve family noble rank
b. Military success
i. Rose quickly
ii. Given all armies
iii. Mass and mobility was able to move troops quickly
iv. Taught army to lean off land >> less supplies/food
v. Carography having good maps and knowing how to use them
c. End of Directory and Consulate
i. Coup deta’t
ii. Takes control of the Directory >> new government = consulate
1. Becomes general and executive
2. Consulate for life peoples vote
d. Emperor
i. With people’s consent
II. Napoleonic Rule
a. French empire
i. Famous for putting siblings on throne
ii. Control all over Europe
b. Reform
i. Peasants are no longer tied to land
ii. Serfdom
iii. All men are equal before the law
1. Respect wealth and property
iv. Introduce metric system make it standard
III. Napoleons Downfall
a. Britain and Trafalgar
i. Could never conquer Britain >> destabilize/weaken army
ii. Builds massive navy with admiral Nelson
b. Continential system
i. Boycott all British goods
ii. Scarcity for necessities
iii. Resent Napoleon
iv. Napoleon raises $$ on middle class tax
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