2-13-14 Notes - Psychological Anthropology 2

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Department
Anthropology
Course
ANTHRO 3AC
Professor
Robin Einhorn
Semester
Spring

Description
Basic Question #3: Do significant personality differences exist from one society to another? Ruth Benedict, Patterns of Culture (1934) She believed that in every society, you have a vast variety of personalities. Personality arch – nonetheless for every society, a portion of that arch is chosen for emphasis and the majority will fall into that personality profile – doesn’t analyze how its chosesn. – people who aren’t in the majority, are the deviants/outcasts. She was the first person to describe a very culturally relative view of normalcy and abnormalcy. No concrete view of what it means to be sane or normal, rather it varies from society to society. Patterns of Culture • Zuni: Apollonian o Calm, tranquil, don’t like conflict or competitiveness, very controlled, rich ceremonial life, also aversion to liquor, no torture practiced, placific, mild, no violence or aggression. o But things have changed. That, or she filtered her view, but it’s probably both. • Kwakiutl: Diony
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