The most important important institution over all to make government a airs in writing: supreme people"s. The most important important institution over all to make government a airs in actuality: the dictator, kim. A generational transfer of power: continuity and stability in the system familial lineage: kim jong il was exposed to party powers an leadership skills in the early 70"s: Floods in summer of 1995: the great famine and the arduous march. Loss of ussr as the major trading partner and superpower ally. Nk"s adaptation to new international circumstances: 1990: our style socialism ((cid:2571)(cid:1851)(cid:2343) (cid:2190)(cid:3365) (cid:2737)(cid:2628)) The loss of founding father and supreme leader kim il sung they themselves describe the time as arduous. Stephen haggard and marcus noland, famine in north korea (columbia up 2007) 220,000 duped by the nk government (up to 3 million dead by outsiders" estimate) No large-scale centralized diversion the army and party cadre are better fed to begin with: no incentives for diversion.