12_13 Skyscrapers and Dada.docx

4 Pages
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Department
History of Art & Architecture
Course Code
CAS AH 112
Professor
Michael Zell

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Description
thLecture12Skyscrapers20centuryarchitectureChicagofireopeneduptheareafortallofficebuildingsbecauseoftheelevatedrailwaytheloopBuildupratherthanbuildoutHHRICHARDSONMarshallFieldWarehouseChicago18857ImmensemassivebuildingReferencestothepastMedicipalaceandRomanesquearchesSteelwasnecessaryLOUISSULLIVANGuarantyBuildingBuffaloTechnologicaldevelopmentoftheskeletalsystemofsteelSteelavailablefrom1860onTraysofspaceandarrangedfloorswhichmirrortheinteriorskeletonontheexteriorFormfollowsfunctionNohistoricalprecedentEmphasizesthefloorsandtheverticalityalsodividesinto3partslikeacolumnNoversiontoornamentReinforcedconcretetensilestrengthofmetalcompressivestrengthconcreteSULLIVANCarsonPirieScottDeptStore18991901DepartmentstoredifferentfloorGlassglazedinareaatthebottomshowwindowsThewayitturnsacornerwithacentralpavilionFRANKLLOYDWRIGHTRobieHouseChicago19079exteriorandplanPrariehousesunmistakablymodernGeometricformhighendprivateReinforcedconcreteCantileveringwhensomethingsticksoutintospaceNofaadeincrediblyasymmetricalCoveredpatiosinterpenetrationbetweeninteriorandexteriorOrganicarchitecturelivingroomanddiningroomarelike1roomfireplacewasthephysicalheartofthehouseUnobstructedspaceTotaldesigndesigneverythinginahouseBAUHAUS191933TwokindofschoolsthatwereusuallykeptseparateCombinationofafineartsschoolandcraftsindustrialdesignWhyshouldtheybeseparatewhycanttheybedesignedorinterwoventoinfluenceeachotherFirstcolorcourseswereinventedhereWATERGROPIUSDessauBauhaus192526InternationalstylethRebellionagainstthelegacyofthe19cNofaademodernmaterialsglasssteelconcretemodernstructuralelements
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