Philosophy lecture 2 01/24/2011
Argument: the idea of the Uncanny
Different for every one person
Not attributed to only one cause
1. Has everything, perceived as Just, in reality unjust
2. just, but has nothing
which life is better?
Glaucon’s second argument
Better to be unjust and seem just
However, if this were true wouldn’t everyone be unjust according to the game theory?
One person unjust, the other just
Then the person who is just would live the worse life
Therefore, everyone would be unjust just to be safe
Does this make us all fools?
Or does this mean that nobody is truly unjust
Humans innately have a conscience
Clearly the unjust life is not desired
If the unjust life is superior to the just, why is it not desired? Lecture 3 01/24/2011
Socrates on the structure of the soul(self)
Desire something, but don’t desire to desire
Possibly the idea of mind and soul being separate beings that work together
But there is a third part of soul according to Socrates! (Appetitive, rational, spirited)
I agree with the argument that the Spirited part is not a modification of the rational part
I do not think that the spirited part is a modification of the Rational Part! I believe it is the opposite
One is yes to be socialized, and has not acquired the rational part
Once socialized, still has the spirited part, though it is repressed
Has acquired rational part
Strife btw three parts
Health of soul = similar to health of body
Healthy things provides bodily health, doing just things keep soul healthy
Plato’s idea of justice is opposite of Glaucon
Commit injustice and get away with it is worst thing that can happen▯ idea of a soul
Likely to become more diseased if commit injustice Lecture 4 01/24/2011
Is justice sufficient for happiness?
Or is it necessary for happiness?
Or is it both?
Socrates Idea of just and unjust
Justice is necessary for happiness
Therefore injustice means unhappiness
Question to determine
What we desire for its own sake
What we desire for the sake of above (what we desire for the sake of what we truly desire)
Infinitum = we cannot desire everything for the sake of something else
Argument: Mindset of average person subconsciously
On our way to happiness
Reason for suicide desire to end life
Do not believe that they are on their way to happiness
Just like a university is more than one thing (classes, extracurricular, dorms) happiness is more than one
Aristotle will help us understand this lecture week 3 01/24/2011
Happiness cannot be honor
People who pursue honor do so to be assured of their merit or excellence (virtue)
Therefore, excellence or virtue is better than honor
One can be excellent while asleep or through a life of inactivity
But this does not mean happy
Ultimate function of human life
Activity of the soul in conformity with excellence lecture week 4 01/24/2011
Happiness is a matter or activity of the soul in accordance with virtue or excellence
What kind of excellence are you supposed to live in accordance with?
Is it okay to be unjust if you are doing so in excellence?
No, but why?
Does Aristotle think soul is immoral
Immortality of the soul
What should we do to increase our happiness?