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CAS PH 150 (45)
Lecture

10-03-13.docx

6 Pages
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Department
Philosophy
Course Code
CAS PH 150
Professor
Matt Cartmill

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SOC120 NOTES 10/02/13 • Socialization o Families use positive and negative sanctions to help teach right from wrong (Families micro-level of socialization) o The amount and type of sanctions differ by family o Family socialization differs by culture o The number of children in a household and birth order can influence individual socialization o Social class- the wealth, power, and prestige rankings individuals hold in society. Meso-level of socialization o Parents socialize their children to enter into adult roles common to other members of their social class o The unequal distribution of resources in society have an impact on who we become o Informal agents of socialization: Electronic media o Nearly 75% of homes in developed countries had computers and internet access by 2004 o Children in the US spend more time watching television than any other waking activity o Electronic media augment and/or potentially compete with family as a socializing agent o Transnationalism—individuals or families who have national loyalty to more than one country  They receive multiple messages about appropriate behaviors and obligations o Children in the 21 century are being socialized to live in a globalized world • Agents of Socialization o School  Teaches values and customs of larger society  Have mandate to socialize children to US norms and values o Peer groups  As children grow older, peer groups increasingly assume the role of Mead’s significant others • Children get message about where they fit and how they should behave • Popularity reinforces gender stereotypes o Mass Media and Technology  Media innovations—radio, motion pictures, recorded music, television, and the internet—have become important agents of socialization • TV can introduce young people to unfamiliar lifestyles and cultures • New technologies change how we interact with family, friends, and strangers • Access to media can increase social cohesion o The Workplace  Learning to behave within an occupation is fundamental aspect of human socialization • In US, working full time confirms adult status o Religion and the State  Family’s protective function was steadily transferred to outside agencies  Government and organized religion act to provide markers representing significant life course transitions. o Rites of passage  Ritual marking the symbolic transition from one social position to another • Dramatize and validate changes in a person’s status o The Life course  Life course approach—research orientation that looks closely at social factors that influence people throughout their lives • Biological changes help mold but do not dictate human behavior • Socialization and Life Course o Anticipatory Socialization and Re-Socialization  Anticipatory Socialization—processes of socialization in which person “rehearses” for future positions, occupations, and social relationships  Re-socialization—process of discarding former behavior patterns and accepting new ones as part of a transition in one’s life. o Re-socialization particularly effective when it occurs in a total institution  Total institution—institution that regulates all aspects of a person’s life under a single authority  Degradation Ceremony—aspect of socialization process within some total institutions, in which people are subjected to humiliating rituals o Role Transitions during the life course  Midlife crisis—stressful period of self-evaluation that begins at about age 40  Sandwich Generation—generation of adults who simultaneously meet the competing needs of their elderly parents and their own children • Perspectives onAging o Disengagement theory—suggests that society and the aging individual mutually sever many of their relationships  Gerontology: study of the sociological and psychological aspects of aging and the problems of the aged o Activity theory—suggests that those elderly people who remain active and socially involved will be best adjusted • Ageism and Discrimination o Ageism—prejudice on a person’s age • Aging o Death and dying  Until recently, death was taboo topic in the U.S.  Kübler-Ross; 5 stages of death • Denial • Anger • Bargaining • Depression • Acceptance o Richard Kalish (1985): issues to prepare for a “good death”  Completing unfinished business  Restoring harmony to social relationships  Saying farewell to friends and family  Dealing with medical needs  Make funeral plans and arrangements for survivors o Hospice care—treatment of the terminally ill in homes or in special hospital units or other facilities, with the goal of helping them to die comfortably, without pain • Social Roles o Social role—set of expectations for people who occupy a given social position or status  Significant component of social structure o Role conflict—situation that occurs when incompatible expectations arise from two or more social statuses held by the same person o Role strain—difficulty that arises when the same social status imposes confli
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