Class Notes (839,626)
United States (326,062)
Philosophy (217)
CAS PH 150 (45)


6 Pages

Course Code
CAS PH 150
Matt Cartmill

This preview shows pages 1 and half of page 2. Sign up to view the full 6 pages of the document.
SOC120 NOTES 10/02/13 • Socialization o Families use positive and negative sanctions to help teach right from wrong (Families micro-level of socialization) o The amount and type of sanctions differ by family o Family socialization differs by culture o The number of children in a household and birth order can influence individual socialization o Social class- the wealth, power, and prestige rankings individuals hold in society. Meso-level of socialization o Parents socialize their children to enter into adult roles common to other members of their social class o The unequal distribution of resources in society have an impact on who we become o Informal agents of socialization: Electronic media o Nearly 75% of homes in developed countries had computers and internet access by 2004 o Children in the US spend more time watching television than any other waking activity o Electronic media augment and/or potentially compete with family as a socializing agent o Transnationalism—individuals or families who have national loyalty to more than one country  They receive multiple messages about appropriate behaviors and obligations o Children in the 21 century are being socialized to live in a globalized world • Agents of Socialization o School  Teaches values and customs of larger society  Have mandate to socialize children to US norms and values o Peer groups  As children grow older, peer groups increasingly assume the role of Mead’s significant others • Children get message about where they fit and how they should behave • Popularity reinforces gender stereotypes o Mass Media and Technology  Media innovations—radio, motion pictures, recorded music, television, and the internet—have become important agents of socialization • TV can introduce young people to unfamiliar lifestyles and cultures • New technologies change how we interact with family, friends, and strangers • Access to media can increase social cohesion o The Workplace  Learning to behave within an occupation is fundamental aspect of human socialization • In US, working full time confirms adult status o Religion and the State  Family’s protective function was steadily transferred to outside agencies  Government and organized religion act to provide markers representing significant life course transitions. o Rites of passage  Ritual marking the symbolic transition from one social position to another • Dramatize and validate changes in a person’s status o The Life course  Life course approach—research orientation that looks closely at social factors that influence people throughout their lives • Biological changes help mold but do not dictate human behavior • Socialization and Life Course o Anticipatory Socialization and Re-Socialization  Anticipatory Socialization—processes of socialization in which person “rehearses” for future positions, occupations, and social relationships  Re-socialization—process of discarding former behavior patterns and accepting new ones as part of a transition in one’s life. o Re-socialization particularly effective when it occurs in a total institution  Total institution—institution that regulates all aspects of a person’s life under a single authority  Degradation Ceremony—aspect of socialization process within some total institutions, in which people are subjected to humiliating rituals o Role Transitions during the life course  Midlife crisis—stressful period of self-evaluation that begins at about age 40  Sandwich Generation—generation of adults who simultaneously meet the competing needs of their elderly parents and their own children • Perspectives onAging o Disengagement theory—suggests that society and the aging individual mutually sever many of their relationships  Gerontology: study of the sociological and psychological aspects of aging and the problems of the aged o Activity theory—suggests that those elderly people who remain active and socially involved will be best adjusted • Ageism and Discrimination o Ageism—prejudice on a person’s age • Aging o Death and dying  Until recently, death was taboo topic in the U.S.  Kübler-Ross; 5 stages of death • Denial • Anger • Bargaining • Depression • Acceptance o Richard Kalish (1985): issues to prepare for a “good death”  Completing unfinished business  Restoring harmony to social relationships  Saying farewell to friends and family  Dealing with medical needs  Make funeral plans and arrangements for survivors o Hospice care—treatment of the terminally ill in homes or in special hospital units or other facilities, with the goal of helping them to die comfortably, without pain • Social Roles o Social role—set of expectations for people who occupy a given social position or status  Significant component of social structure o Role conflict—situation that occurs when incompatible expectations arise from two or more social statuses held by the same person o Role strain—difficulty that arises when the same social status imposes confli
More Less
Unlock Document

Only pages 1 and half of page 2 are available for preview. Some parts have been intentionally blurred.

Unlock Document
You're Reading a Preview

Unlock to view full version

Unlock Document

Log In


Join OneClass

Access over 10 million pages of study
documents for 1.3 million courses.

Sign up

Join to view


By registering, I agree to the Terms and Privacy Policies
Already have an account?
Just a few more details

So we can recommend you notes for your school.

Reset Password

Please enter below the email address you registered with and we will send you a link to reset your password.

Add your courses

Get notes from the top students in your class.