Class Notes (839,189)
United States (325,833)
Philosophy (217)
CAS PH 150 (45)
Lecture

Lecture Notes 3-11

2 Pages
69 Views

Department
Philosophy
Course Code
CAS PH 150
Professor
Matt Cartmill

This preview shows 80% of the first page. Sign up to view the full 2 pages of the document.
Description
Introduction to Ethics Lecture Notes 03/11/14 For the paper: Principle of Utility (Utilitarian’s principle), Principle of Universalizability, the Principle of Humanity (Latter two are Kantian principles) Principle of Humanity Kant has some things in his theory that are inherently morally wrong Is slavery inherently wrong? Why: • Utilitarian: No, if the consequences on the whole were better than a society without it then we’d have to say it was not morally objectionable • Kantian: Yes, it is always wrong because it violates autonomy and respect for rational beings Principle of Humanity: always treat a human being (including yourself) as an end never as a mere means • What does it mean to treat something as “mere means”? • What does it mean to treat something as an “end in itself”? • To treat someone as an “end” means respecting that individual because of her autonomy and rationality. To treat them as a “mere means” is to use them only for our own purposes (even if those purposes are “good”) Deception • Kant’s principle of humanity implies that we should never knowingly deceive a person. Why? • Because in deceiving them we are bypassing their own autonomy and reasons forming capacities and thus treating them as a mere means. • Note: deception is wrong even if our intention is to help the person or bring about a greater good • Are children rational autonomous beings? Perhaps not The Importance of Autonomy and Rationality • Explains the immorality of “fanatic” • Explains why slavery and rape are always immoral • Explains what’s wrong with paternalism • Explains the basis of universal human rights • Explains why we can justifiably hold people morally responsible • Explains why punishment is justified (
More Less
Unlock Document

Only 80% of the first page are available for preview. Some parts have been intentionally blurred.

Unlock Document
You're Reading a Preview

Unlock to view full version

Unlock Document

Log In


OR

Join OneClass

Access over 10 million pages of study
documents for 1.3 million courses.

Sign up

Join to view


OR

By registering, I agree to the Terms and Privacy Policies
Already have an account?
Just a few more details

So we can recommend you notes for your school.

Reset Password

Please enter below the email address you registered with and we will send you a link to reset your password.

Add your courses

Get notes from the top students in your class.


Submit