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CAS PO 111 (43)
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Department
Political Science
Course
CAS PO 111
Professor
Graham Wilson
Semester
Fall

Description
• Elections are supposed to do 2 things: o Retrospective voting: hold politicians accountable  How did they do on economy, foreign policy, etc. o Prospective voting: choose people we like to represent us  Based on shared values, etc. • Candidates are chosen by political parties o Most of the choosing is done before the general o Usually the incumbent gets the nomination  1980­ Kennedy vs. Carter (between party fighting) o very few people vote in the primaries • primaries: elections to determine who the nominee will be o nominee is sent to national convention  o used for congressional seats as well o election laws differ  sometimes, only registered Democrats can vote in the Democratic  primary and vice versa  open primaries­ anyone can vote • sometimes they’ll switch your registration (WI) • you can change your registration back (NH) • not tied to any party (WA/CA)­ mix and match o CA: irrespective of party, the top 2 candidates run • Caucus system: meetings to decide on a nominee o Dominated by professional politicians­ “party machine”  Time when meetings are  Generally have a bad reputation • 1968 presidential: anti­war people (Kennedy) vs.  professional politicians—Humphrey nominated • changed to primary system­ more democrat  Iowa caucus­ cross between primary and caucus; on a mass scale  and highly publicized • Turnout is very low for primaries o New Hampshire has higher turnout­ first one, a lot of pride o Ideological balance is very different from the general  Much more committed to the party (more conservative/liberal than  normal voters) o Even highly publicized primaries have low turnout • Data distribution o How the population is divided idealogically  Bell curve  For a 2 party system, the parties converge in the middle • In economic terms, it’s profit maximization • If a third party from one side breaks off, the other side gets  more of the extra votes • Third parties o Splitting the party ki
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