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Lecture 19

Lecture 19 The New Deal (cont.)

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Political Science
CAS PO 331
Kate Krimmel

Lecture #19: The New Deal (cont.) Tuesday, April 8, 2014 9:36 AM Frank Kent: Why FDR was so successful in getting his New Deal implemented FDR had structural advantage ○ Had patronage power; gov't jobs available to give supporters ○ Party majorityin both the House and the Senate ○ Congress was afraid due to the economiccrisis ○ The fear of the country was sufficient enough Katsnelson:Fear and deep uncertainty undermines status quo - Undermining causes experiment and new policy, which then leads to a new status quo New Deal fears - Legacy of war, the level of violence ○ Wars killed more civilians and the appearance of genocide - Collapse of democraciesin Western Europe - Dictatorship created by consent caused fear, but was attractiveto some Americans Success of Dictatorships - Dictatorships putting forward "men of far greater intelligence, fat stronger characters and far more courage than the system of elections" -Nicholas Murray Butler, President of Columbia University 1932 - Mussolini's rules appealed to American scholars as innovativeand modern ○ Major advances in technologyand the language of fascism ○ Providessecurity and executiveefficiency ○ More acceptable than communism ○ Idea of corporatismof dealing of economycame out of this idea Labor Policies - Understanding of the position of the US South ○ Defines the South as the 17 states that mandated racial segregation schools ○ Why was the Southern Democratspowerful?  Overrepresentedin Congress and there was no Republican party in the South  Authoritarian enclaves in the Southern Democraticparty  Very little competitionsin elections □ Stability that the other membersof the Congress did not have □ Leadership is determined by seniority  Control over key committees □ Senate allows filibuster, many Civil Rights Acts were filibustered  Controlled 35 seats in the Senate and majorityof the House by population ○ The powerful South caused a structural veto  Legislation is tailored to their preference - Great surge in labor policies in the beginning of the New Deal era ○ Norris-LaGuardia Anti-Injunction Act 1930  Defended against yellow dog contracts ○ National Industrial RecoveryAct (NIRA) 1933  Gave unions the rights to bargain collectivelyfree from the interference from employers  Schechter Poultryv. US □ Supreme Court rules NIRA unconstitutional in 1935  National Labor Relations Act (NLRA) or Wagner Act 1935 □ In response to the NIRA being struck down □ Detailed procedures for employeesto pick their representatives □ Outlawed many employertactics such as offering benefits to workers that were not in unions □ Prohibits company unions □ Prohibits company unions □ Creates the National Labors Relations Board  Can issue cease and deceits orders and solve disputes  Recently ruled that NCAA can unionize □ Mettler agues that this act was not as influential as it is often stated □ Women and minoritiesare excluded □ Only labor interests of white men are protected by the federal gov't □ Agricultural and servicesector workers were not covered
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