PS101, Lec 21: 04/16/2013
We look into how different people react similarly in different situations.
Social Psychology: how society affects our behavior.
Social Perception: how we perceive others. Ex. When you see people on motorcycles you assume
they all drink beer and love heavy metal music. Not always true.
Primacy effect first impressions.
Person schemas assumptions about a group or class of people.
Implicit personality theories:
Assuming traits group in a certain way.
Central traits and halo traits.
1. Dispositional vs. situational: many studies at the military show that soldiers in their first
day of boot camp say they don’t belong there. Then ask them the same thing 5 weeks later and they
say the other soldiers are closer to them than some family members. This is an example of
situational attribution (bonding). Dispositional attribution: People running for presidency
are always pictures kissing babies and such. They probably don’t even like presidents but they have to
do it for publicity, not dispositional of their personality. But if your football coach in high school goes
around in parents meeting kissing babies, then he might just do it because he likes to. This is
2. Attribution erro