PS251, Lec 6: 09/16/2013
When we talk about unfinished business in childhood.
When you approach unfinished business, they either get super defensive or keep saying that they’ve always
said why they were feeling the way they were. This is why interpretation is critical. Makes a hypothesis
as to why the person is feeling this thing.
Working Through: 12 talks with a therapist usually don’t resolve a problem. Unrealistic. Patient
comes in and you have the same conversation and the person struggles through it until they have a
breakdown and the problem gets addressed.
1923: Known as Freud’s structural period. Refer to slides 1011 (Erikson and
egopsychology). Slide 11 looks at psychosexual and psychosocial stages.
Topographical period: what makes up the psychii? What fuel drives the system? Instincts. Also
called drive theory “Freudian notion”. What are the elements? His earlier topographical and instinct model
His Structural theory:
Freud: Psychosexual Theory: Internal. You had to get just enough gratification.
Childhood is more important than anything else.
Birth1.5 year. Oral stage. All children at this stage take anything they have and stick it in their mouth.
Can I eat it? Is it pleasurable? Was all about oral stimulation and enough satisfaction. He said we’re born
with the ID. 6 months later the ego develops. What are ego and ID?
ID follows pleasure principle. Phylogenic. Do it if it feels good. Go for it. Dopamine drives them. No
understanding of delaying gratification.
Ex. sucking their thumbs, resemblance to a bottle or a breast. Crying is most primary method of
communication for babies. When they’re tired, they cry in small intervals. Waiting for a response.
Orphanages in third world countries have babies that barely cry. They know they’re probably not getting any
response. Psychological structures.
Follow topographical model. NB
6 months. Kids start developing the ego.
Ego: follows reality principle. Cry when they’re hungry. The cornerstone of personality.
ID says I need, and ego looks at reality