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Lecture 22

HIST 80A Lecture 22: Unification Period in Japan Lecture Notes

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James Heyward

Unification Period in Japan Lecture Hideyoshi’s Invasions of Korea Azuchi – Momoyama Period (1573 – 1603) Nobunaga’s castle was at Azuchi (Azuchi Castle), and Hideyoshi’s castle was Momoyama castle. “Momoyama Period” for Art Historians Painted screens were created for the new daimyo elite; these gold screens characterized the Momoyama aesthetic along with the tea ceremony (a practice favored by Hideyoshi). The Momoyama Period saw a continuation of the wabi – sabi aesthetic, especially in pots and bowls (repaired cracks). A new introduction to the elite culture was white porcelain (moon jars) with imperfections (Daoist influenced). The emergence of Imari Ware saw new glazing techniques. Imjin Wae Ran (aka the Imjin War) was Hideyoshi’s 7 Year War. Initially Nobunaga had considered conquering Korea, and this idea was transferred to Hideyoshi. Hideyoshi, due to lineage, was unable to require the title of shogun, so he considered conquering China to become Emperor of China. Joseon was strongly allied with the Ming, and refused to ally with Japan. Hideyoshi’s forces entered Korea from the south and made it as far as the Yalu River before the Ming forces arrived. The invasion’s progression resembles that of the Korean War of 1950. Yi Sun Sin (1545 – 1598) was a widely respected general who participated in key battles during the invasion. The Battle of Chilcheollyang (Aug. 25, 1597) was a Korean military loss that resulted in the hiring of Yi Sun Sin who claimed vengeance on the Japanese navy at the Battle of Myeongyang (Oct. 1597). In 1598, Hideyoshi died resulting in a change in leadership and policy. The Battle of Noryang (Dec. 1598) was the final major battle of the war, it was led by Yi Sun Sin who died in battle, but was overall successful due to aid from the Ming. He is also credited for the creation of Turtle Ships (iron – clad ships that were rarely actually used). 1590: Tokugawa Ieyasu builds Edo Castle at Edo in the Kanto Region The legend of the creation of the cit
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