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Reference Guide

Permachart - Marketing Reference Guide: Nursing Theory, Mutual Organization, Therapeutic Relationship

4 pages415 viewsFall 2015

Department
ANAT - Anatomy
Course Code
ANAT 14
Professor
All
Chapter
Permachart

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Nursing Theorists
Nursing Theorists
N U R S I N G T H E O RY
• A theory is a set of interrelated concepts that
proposes a means to view a particular aspect of the
world
• It is logical and provides a platform on which
hypotheses can be tested
• Theory also provides a scaffold upon which research
can be based (i.e., the theory can be tested)
• Theory is not static, but evolutionary; over time,
theories can be modified as needed
• Articulating theoretical frameworks for nursing is
necessary because they provide a mechanism by
which complex interrelationships between humanity
and the environment can be scientifically
systematized
• Nurses can practice consistently (i.e., according to
the functional guidelines implicit in the theory)
• In this way, nursing can be practiced reliably and
consistently, across nursing centers, at any one
time
• The consideration and development of
nursing theory allows nurses and nurse-
scientists working within this field of study
to assist people in achieving their maximal
health potential, which is the goal of nursing
NURSING THEORISTS • 1-55080-558-4 1© 2002-2012 Mindsource Technologies Inc.
I M O G E N E K I N G
• Interaction of two or more
individuals
Interactions
• Verbal and non-verbal behaviors
between two or more persons in
mutual company
Communication
• Intrapersonal, interpersonal, verbal,
and non-verbal modes of interaction
that contribute to development of
human relationships
Transaction
• Goal-directed human behaviors
involving the communication with
the environment
Role
• Behaviors defined by position in a
social setting
Stress
• A dynamic state where humans
exchange energy and information
with the environment to control
stressors and maintain balance
needed for growth and development
• Achieve benefit in personal systems,
interpersonal systems, and social
systems according to theory
• Units of social roles, behavior, and
practices established so that values
and the mechanisms to regulate the
practices and rules are maintained
Organization
• People with defined roles coordinate
themselves and available resources
to accomplish personal or
occupational goals
Authority
• Transactional process characterized
by active, reciprocal relations
• Members’ values, backgrounds, and
perceptions play a role in defining,
validating, and accepting the
authority of individuals within an
organization
Power
• The influence of individuals over
others
Status
• The position of the individual or
group in relation to other individuals
or groups
Decision-making
• Individuals or groups choose
available alternatives towards
achieving a specific goal or
answering a specific question
PERSONAL SYSTEMS
INTERPERSONAL SYSTEMS SOCIAL SYSTEMS
THE GOAL OF NURSING
• The meeting of personal systems is achieved
through interpersonal systems
• Exploration of personal systems through
interpersonal systems to achieve goals set
following the establishment of an
understanding of the needs of each
personal system involved in the exchange
• This process will initiate the necessary
positive change within whichever system
had an identified deficit
INTERACTING SYSTEMS FRAMEWORK
• This model describes three open, dynamic,
and interacting systems, each built around a
series of concepts
• The individual is a sentient, rational, and social
entity who processes inputs from the
environment via the senses
Perception
• Processing of data gathered by the senses to
define experience and establish reality of the
individual
Self
• Sentient and rational composite of who the
person feels and perceives himself/herself to be
Body Image
• Perceptions of the body
Growth & Development
• Biological development and personal or
behavioral development
• These changes depend on the genetic
composition of the individual, their
environment, and their experience through
time
Space
• Territory of an individual
• Exists in all directions
Time
• The duration between experiences and events
peak high-level wellness good normal poor extremely poor health death
THEORY OF GOAL ATTAINMENT
2nd EDITION
w w w . p e r m a c h a r t s . c o m
TM
permacharts
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