Class Notes (1,019,335)
US (398,644)
Chicago (813)
PHYS (15)
All (3)
Reference Guide

Permachart - Marketing Reference Guide: Cubic Yard, Nautical Mile, Fluid Ounce

4 pages153 viewsFall 2015

Department
Physics
Course Code
PHYS 24300
Professor
All
Chapter
Permachart

This preview shows page 1. to view the full 4 pages of the document.
THE U.S./IMPERIAL SYSTEM OF MEASUREMENTS LENGTH
AREA
VOLUME
LIQUID MEASURE
Weights & Measures
Weights & Measures
• Most of the United States system of
measurements is the same as that for the
United Kingdom
• The system was standardized in 1836,
with the main differences being liquid and
dry capacity measures
• These measures were originally defined by
physical standard measures, but are now
defined by reference to the SI
(The International System of Units),
the modern standard of the metric system
12 inches 1 foot
3 feet 1 yard
220 yards 1 furlong
3 land miles 1 league
6,076.11549 feet 1 international
nautical mile
1 mile 8 furlongs
1760 yards
5280 feet
1 square foot 144 square inches
1 square yard 9 square feet
1 acre 4840 square yards
1 square mile 640 acres
1 section 1 square mile
1 township 36 sections
1 cubic foot 1728 cubic inches
1 cubic yard 27 cubic feet
1 pint 16 fluid ounces
4 gills
2 pints 1 quart
1 gallon 4 quarts
CIRCULAR MEASURE
• A second (SI measurement) is defined
as the time duration of 9,192,631,770
periods of the radiation of the transition
between the two hyperfine levels of the
ground state of the Cesium-133 atom
MASS
MAT H E M AT I C A L N O TAT I O N S
LIQUID MEASURE
CONVERSION
1 ounce 437.5 grains
1 pound 16 ounces
14 pounds 1 stone
100 pounds 1 hundredweight (cwt)
20 cwt 1 ton
TROY WEIGHTS
• The troy system (named for Troyes,
France) is used only for precious metals
1 pennyweight 24 grains
1 ounce 20 pennyweights
12 ounces 1 pound
Second (‘’)
Minute (‘) 60 seconds
Degree (°) 60 minutes
30 degrees 1 sign
12 signs 360 degrees
Right angle 90 degrees
Straight angle 180 degrees
Circle 360 degrees
• Apothecaries’ weights are based on
troy weights; in addition to the pound,
ounce, and grain (which are equal to
the troy units of the same name), other
units are the dram and the scruple
1 scruple 20 grains
1 dram 3 scruples
1 ounce 8 drams
12 ounces 1 pound
1 fluid dram 60 minims
1 fluid ounce 8 fluid drams
1 pint 16 fluid ounces
APOTHECARIES WEIGHTS & MEASURES
• 1018 = 1,000,000,000,000,000,000
(one quintillion)
• 1015 = 1,000,000,000,000,000
(one quadrillion)
• 1012 = 1,000,000,000,000 (one trillion)
• 109= 1,000,000,000 (one billion)
• 106= 1,000,000 (one million)
• 103= 1000 (one thousand)
• 102= 100 (one hundred)
• 101 = 10 (ten)
• 100= 1 (one)
• 10-1 = 0.1 (one-tenth)
• 10-2 = 0.01 (one-hundredth)
• 10-3 = 0.001 (one-thousandth)
• 10-6 = 0.000 001 (one-millionth)
• 10-9 = 0.000 000 001 (one-billionth)
• 10-12 = 0.000 000 000 001
(one-trillionth)
• 10-15 = 0.000 000 000 000 001
(one-quadrillionth)
• 10-18 = 0.000 000 000 000 000 001
(one-quintillionth)
NUMERICAL PREFIXES
1/10 Deci
1/2 Semi, hemi, demi
1Uni
2Bi, di
3Tri, ter
4Tetra, tetr, quadri
5Penta, quint
6Sex, hex, hexa
7Hept, sept, septo
8Oct, octo
9Non, ennea
10 Dec, deca, deka
11 Hendeca, undeca
12 Dodeca
13 Quindeca
Imperial Metric (ml) U.S. units
1/6 fl oz 4.8 4.9 1 tsp
1/2 fl oz 14.2 14.8 1 tbsp
1 fl oz 28.4 29.6 1/8 cup
2 fl oz 56.8 59.2 1/4 cup
3 fl oz 85.2 88.7 3/8 cup
4 fl oz 113.7 118.3 1/2 cup
5 fl oz 142.1 158.5 2/3 cup
6 fl oz 170.5 177.4 3/4 cup
8 fl oz 227.3 236.6 1 cup
(1/2 pint)
10 fl oz 284.1 295.7 1 1/4cups
(1/2 pint)
12 fl oz 341.0 354.9 1 1/2cups
16 fl oz 454.6 473.2 2 cups
(1 pint)
20 fl oz 568.3 591.5 2 1/2cups
(1/2 pint)
1 1/2pints 852.4 887.2 3 3/4cups
1 3/4pints 937.6 946.4 4 cups
(33 fl oz) (1 quart)
2 pints 1137 1183 1 1/4quarts
2 1/3pints 1326 1420 3 pints
3 1/4pints 1847 1893 2 quarts
l e a r n r e f e r e n c e r e v i e w
TM
permacharts
WEIGHTS & MEASURES • A-716-11© 2002-2011 Mindsource Technologies Inc.
www.permacharts.com
You're Reading a Preview

Unlock to view full version


Loved by over 2.2 million students

Over 90% improved by at least one letter grade.