Kidneys, nephron, glomerular filtration, localization of nephrons, reabsorption, secretion, GFR

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Biomedical Science
BMS 360
Douglas Ishii

27 AprilIntroductionThe concentration and only the concentration determines whether a substance is a toxin ParacelsusSteadystate level of any chemical in the body is based on input production ingestion administration and output metabolism eliminationThe liver and kidneys play major roles in inputoutput and regulate homeostasis of soluble moleculesTable 141The kidneys are located retroperitoneally at the level of the lower ribsStructure of the KidneyMassive parallel processing of bloodRenal arteries take blood to the cortexAfferent arterioles and glomeruli are all found in the cortexJuxtamedullary boundarybetween cortex and medullaThere are about 1 million nephrons in each kidneyThe Nephron basic unit of the kidneyA nephron is comprised ofRenal corpuscleglomerulusBowmans capsuleProximal convoluted tubuleLoop of HenleDistal convoluted tubule
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