Personality unique combinaion of relaively stable patern of thoughts, feelings, and acions; inluenced by two other factor: Moral values and ethics as inluenced by societal, cultural, and other environmental factors. Enduring characterisics each person is born with geneic inluences. Relaively: stable personal characterisics that can be used to describe someone. The big ive theory across cultures: openness, conscieniousness, extraversion, agreeableness, neuroicism. Openness: original, open to new idea vs. convenional, narrow in interests. Neuroicism: emoionally unstable, moody vs. emoionally stable, easygoing. Pro: well supported, cross-cultural, and cross-species studies support ive-factor model; personality characterisics using the fewest number of traits. Con: lacks explanaion of why people develop these traits, which ones last longer or more likely to change, ignores situaional efect. Psychoanalyic theories: explain personality and individual diferences by examining how unconscious mental forces inluence thoughts, feelings, and acions. Key igures: founding fathers freud, neo-freudians adler, jung, horney. Conscious: thoughts/ moives person is aware of or remember.