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Lecture 31

HIST 1061 Lecture 31: Flavian Amphitheatre

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HIST 1061
Travis Rupp

Flavian Amphitheatre The Flavians built their share of permanent structures in Rome, some of the most important structures ever built in Rome. They built their own forum called the Flavian Forum. This forum included the Palace of Peace and the Flavian Amphitheatre. The Romans loved the games. The first permanent structure they built in dedication for the games was in Pompeii. In Roman, Circus means chariot racing, Amphitheatre means combat sports and theater means semicircle. These arenas were first designed by the Greeks for play competitions. The best play of the day got a prize. Greek arenas were not permanent structures however. The Greeks were also the first to practice gladiatorial games in the Funeral Games. The Flavians did not just want to destroy Neros palace, they wanted to give something back to the Roman people. The Flavians wanted to cement their legacy into the history books. The Flavian Amphitheatre was called the Flavian Amphitheatre until the Bronze Age in which it was given a new name, The Coliseum. It was built by Vespasian after he drained Neros private pond. Somehow the Coliseum still stands even after the Vatican pillaged its structure for stones to build other structures. It is estimated the Coliseum could hold around 80100,000 people which is approximately the size of the Big House (Michigan U stadium). Modernday football stadiums are built in the same way the Coliseum is structured. The Coliseum was a far cry from the Roman Republic years when the government refused to build structures of any kind where the public could congregate and riot. The Coliseum was meant to be so large you can see it from any part of Rome. It is designed for large crowd control. The 80100,000 people could get in and out in 15 minutes. The Romans always tried to one up the games to make them more exciting for the fans and to keep them entertained. The Coliseum had hypogeum, a lower level
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