Psychology 101 INTRO TO GENERAL PSYCHOLOGY. Psychology is defined as the scientific study of behavior and the mind. Behavior are the actions and responses that are directly observable. Mind are the internal mental states and processes that are not directly observable. The goals of Psychology are. To describe how people and other species behave. To understand the causes of these behaviors. To predict how people and other animals will behave under certain circumstances. To influence behavior through the control of its causes. To apply psychological knowledge in ways that enhance human welfare. The Biopsychological Approach. Biological influences. Genetic predispositions, brain mechanisms, hormonal. Psychological influences. Learned fears, emotional responses, cognitive processing. SocialCultural influences. Presence of others. Cultural, societal and family expectations. Peer and other group influences. Influence of the media and other models.