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Lecture 26

PSYC 111 Lecture 26: Treatments III
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Department
Psychology
Course
PSYC 111
Professor
Kim Elizabeth
Semester
Spring

Description
420 Treatments 420 Treatments th Review session: Tuesday, April 25 in 225 PAIS at 5:15pm Overview Psychotherapy o Insight therapy Psychoanalyticpsychodynamic: insight into childhood adversity Humanistic: insight into conditions the world places on us for how we need to be in order to break free and become selfactualized Shared goal: to gain awareness about why the individual is distressed Person centered therapy: nondirective sessions, lead by client and the therapist must be authentic, unconditionally accepting, and empathetic o Behavioral and cognitivebehavioral approaches Behavioral approaches Cognitivebehavioral therapies o Effectiveness Biomedical treatments Behavioral and cognitivebehavioral approaches Behavioral approaches Exposure therapies o Systematic desensitization: use anxiety hierarchy ladder from least fearful to most fearful and expose the patient and teach them ways to calm themselves Progress through different stages until able to experience the most fearful situation while still being relaxed o Flooding: start at the most fearful situation and its based on the idea that we reinforce fears by avoiding them Response prevention: therapist prevents the client from performing the typical avoidance behaviors Effective for treatments of OCD and some phobias Dont take into account thoughts and cognitive processes Cognitive behavioral therapies Focus on the role of cognitions Three core assumptions o Cognitions are identifiable and measurable We can identify the cognitions that individuals experience as problematic o Cognitions are key in both healthy and unhealthy psychological functioning o Irrational beliefs or thinking can be replaced with more rational and adaptive cognitions If youre thinking about the situation in a maladaptive way, therapy can introduce rational and adaptive cognitions Focused on thinking and actions People often react to the same situation in different ways Rational emotive behavior therapy (Albert Ellis): we respond to
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