PSY 1012 Lecture Notes - Lecture 2: Fundamental Attribution Error, Cognitive Dissonance, Classical Conditioning

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27 Apr 2016
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Chapter 12
1. Social psychology is the study of:
a. How people use thoughts, emotions and behaviors to interact with each other
2. The study of social behavior requires:
a. Two people
3. Sometimes the rules of social psychology:
a. Run counter to other single-person phenomena in psychology
4. Social psychology draws on:
a. Everything in psychology
5. Predispositions or tendencies to act are called:
a. Attitudes
6. Attitudes may be determined by:
a. Classical conditioning
7. When you are annoyed with telephone solicitors because they generally call your home during
dinnertime, your anger is produced through:
a. Classical conditioning
8. Some forms of social behavior may be developed through ____ if they were shaped through
social rewards and punishments.
a. Operant conditioning
9. Some forms of social behavior may be developed through ____ if they were learned through
watching the people who reared us.
a. Modeling
10. Which of the following is NOT a relevant aspect of attitudes?
a. Viewpoint
11. Which of the following is a relevant aspect of attitudes?
a. Cognitions
12. Which of the following is a relevant aspect of attitudes?
a. Feelings
13. Which of the following is a relevant aspect of attitudes?
a. Behaviors
14. The way you think about steak as a food item is part of your attitudinal:
a. Cognitions
15. Your emotional history with steak as a food item is part of your attitudinal:
a. Feelings
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16. Whether you would eat steak every day or not even if you were starving to death is related to
your attitudinal:
a. Behaviors
17. When an attitude and behavior are not in agreement we may develop:
a. Cognitive Dissonance
18. An unpleasant emotional state that is elicited when our behavior does not match our attitudes is
called:
a. Cognitive Dissonance
19. A set of beliefs about other people based on our experience with them is called:
a. Schema
20. Schemas may only be formed through direct experience.
a. False
21. Schemas may be formed through prejudicial second-hand learning.
a. True
22. Meeting a person sets up a(n) ____ for us.
a. Impression formation
23. The theory that early information about someone carries more weight than later information is
called:
a. Primacy effect
24. Asch’s primacy effect suggests that first impressions carry more weight than later impressions.
a. True
25. If you are first told positive traits about someone followed by negative traits, you will have a
higher impression of that person than if you first heard the negative traits and then the positive
traits.
a. True
26. The set of characteristics that one believes is shared by all members of a particular social group
is called a(n):
a. Stereotype
27. Stereotypes are partly derived from our attempt to simplify complex situations.
a. True
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28. Stereotyping people that can quote the bible as “people who attend church regularly” only
leads to inaccuracies when you come across people that can quote the bible well but do not
attend church.
a. True
29. Stereotyping has no social value whatsoever.
a. False
30. Stereotyping is conceptually related to the process of generalization from the
learning/conditioning chapter.
a. True
31. Stereotypes sometimes have a kernel of truth in them.
a. True
32. Some stereotypes do NOT have a kernel of truth in them.
a. True
33. If a stereotype has a small amount of truth to it then it has a:
a. Kernel of truth
34. The theory of how people understand the actions of others is referred to as:
a. Attribution Theory
35. The manner in which we attribute causes to others behaviors has a strong influence on how we
treat them.
a. True
36. When we attribute external reasons to others problems we will be more likely to express
sympathy.
a. True
37. When we attribute internal reasons to others problems we will be more likely to express
sympathy.
a. False
38. When we attribute external reasons to others problems we will be less likely to express
sympathy.
a. True
39. When we attribute internal reasons to others problems we will be less likely to express
sympathy.
a. True
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