SYG 1000 Lecture Notes - Lecture 8: Feral Child, George Herbert Mead, Impression Management

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21 Apr 2016
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CHAPTER 6: SOCIALIZATION
I. SOCIALIZATION
A. DEFINITION =
How we learn to be human = starts at birth; successful socialization
B. PERSONALITY
C. IMPORTANCE
Rhesus monkeys (denied interaction  “abnormal personality”)
Feral children (Isabelle; Genie)
II. SYMBOLIC INTERACTIONISM AND SOCIALIZATION
A. COOLEY
1. SELF-CONCEPT (image of yourself as an entity separate from other people)
2. LOOKING-GLASS SELF (“kids learn to judge themselves in terms of how they
imagine others will react to them”)
3. SIGNIFICANT OTHERS: People whose opinion of us matter to us the most
B. GEORGE HERBERT MEAD
1. SELF=I+ME (I=spontaneous, creative part, “gut-level response”; ME=socialized)
2. ROLE-TAKING (take on the view of another individual and then respond to yourself
from that imagined viewpoint)
a. Imitation Stage
(< 3 yrs. old; copy behavior of significant other w/o comprehension)
b. Play Stage
(3-6 yrs. old; take on role of individuals one at a time)
c. Game Stage
(6-8 yrs. old; take on the role of individuals all at the same time=“thinking about
their part & what other people are doing”)
3. After these stages, you achieve GENERALIZED OTHER: conception of the norms &
values of your community/society = conscience
III. SOCIALIZATION AND THE LIFE COURSE
A. TOTAL INSTITUTIONS (places in which residents are separated from the rest of
society; usually cannot come & go freely); prison
B. DESOCIALIZATION (abandon old way of life = give up old norms, values, attitudes,
& behaviors)
C. RESOCIALIZATION (adopting a new way of life = adopt new norms, values,
attitudes, & behaviors)
D. ANTICIPATORY SOCIALIZATION (Preparing yourself to learn new norms, values,
attitudes, & behaviors)
IV. ***AGENTS OF SOCIALIZATION***
V. STATUSES
A. DEFINITION: a position you occupy in the social structure = characteristic
B. ASCRIBED (assigned at birth; name, race, sex, religion, social class) VS.
ACHIEVED (earned during lifetime; education level, occupation, religion; social class)
**some statuses can belong in both**
C. STATUS SET (all of the statuses you occupy)
D. MASTER STATUS (statuses that influence most areas of your life)
VI. ROLES
A. DEFINITION: the rights and obligations attached to statuses
B. DRAMATURGY: impression management (“status = part you’re playing role =
script”)
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