SYG 1000 Lecture Notes - Lecture 18: Xyy Syndrome, Gender Pay Gap, Intersex

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21 Apr 2016
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CHAPTER 11: GENDER
I. SEX VS GENDER
Sex = biology
--Anatomy
--Chromosomes: XX or XY
--Hormones
Gender = social cultural characteristics= feminine vs. masculine = behavior = learned
(according to sociologists)
INTERSEX
-- Born with characteristics of both sexes OR with ambiguous genitalia
-- Genetically: XXY OR XYY
-- Anatomically
TRANSGENDER
-- When a person’s gender identity does not match their anatomy; some may adopt the
social characteristics of the other sex
TRANSSEXUAL
-- When a person’s gender identity does not match their identity, so they have surgery or
take hormones to change biologically into the other sex
II. GENDER SOCIALIZATION
A. DEFINITION: Learning gender at birth & continuing to do gender throughout our lives
B. HOME
C. SCHOOL
III. GENDER STRUCTURE
A. DEFINITION: How gender inequality is built into social institutions
B. HETEROSEXUAL COUPLES
1. SECOND SHIFT: Housework and childcare
-- Men: 39%
-- Women: 61%
2. ROLE OVERLOAD: Stressed out due to too many responsibilities
3. EXPLANATIONS FOR SECOND SHIFT
*Beliefs about gender are slow to change
*Feminist theory: women doing the second shift reinforces and expresses gender
inequality
Gender pay gap 77-78 cents
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