PAD 4393 Lecture Notes - Lecture 6: Emergency Planning And Community Right-To-Know Act

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8 Jun 2015
PAD4393: Planning, Policy, and Procedures in Emergency Management
a. Continuity of Operations (COOP) – effort within individual
agencies/departments to assure continuance of minimally essential
functions across a wide range of potential emergencies
b. Continuity of Government (COG) – coordinated effort across 3 branches
of government to ensure the security and survivability of a constitutional
government with the ability to direct and control the quick restoration of a
civilian authority and government responsibilities and functions
i. Mission Essential Functions – enable an organization to:
1. Provide vital services
2. Exercise a civil authority
3. Ensure health/well-being of general populace
4. Sustain an industrial and economic base during a time of
ii. Non-MEFs - are important to the agency’s mission but can be
temporarily postponed/delayed in the interest of efficiency during
an emergency
iii. Alternate Relocation Points (ARPs) – facility to which MEF
personnel relocate to continue their work in event the primary
facilities are threatened or incapacitated
c. Operational Objectives of COOP (4)
1. Relocate
a. With or without warning
b. To ARP
c. Be operational within 12 hours
d. Be operational for up to 30 days
d. Steps for Planning for COOP (4)
1. Identify the MEF’s
2. Ensure appropriate staffing for MEF’s
3. Identify mission critical data & systems to support MEF’s
4. Assess alternate facility capabilities/capacity
2. Business Continuity Management
a. Concept of a Business Impact Analysis (5)
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1. Identify potential/likely impacts of an event
a. Qualitative and quantitative
2. Determine RTO
3. Determine RPO
4. Identify sensitive timeframe that is acceptable to the entity
5. Determine core/essential functions and personnel
a. Flesh out interdependencies
b. Don’t call MEFs MEF’s – may be offensive
c. Minimum personnel and resources to get business running again
b. RTO & RPO
i. Recovery Time Objective – time between an incident and when a business is
minimally acceptably operational
Disasters are defined by service not being back up after the RTO
Ex: Pfizer – taking a week off when a drug takes 7 years to get
approved will make no difference
ii. Recovery Point Objective – point of time of last good backup offsite at the time of
disaster Identifies the amount of acceptable data loss
c. BETH3
1. Building
2. Equipment
3. Technology
4. Human Resources
5. 3rd Party Vendors
Don’t plan for specific hazards, plan for specific ways it will impact your business
d. 6 Types of Potential Business Impacts
1. Customer
2. Financial
3. Regulatory
4. Operational
5. Human
6. Reputational
a. Ex: JetBlue passengers stuck on a plane
e. 5 Recovery Strategies
1. Do nothing; repair/rebuild at the time of disaster
2. Develop manual work-around procedures
3. Develop reciprocal agreements
a. Ex: FSU is hit with a huge hurricane and the school makes
arrangements to send them to another school until it’s rebuilt
4. Internal alternate site in a dual usage space (conference room, business
center, etc.)
5. Identify alternate external site
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