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Lecture 1

SOCI 3017 Lecture 1: Intro to Inequality

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Fordham University
SOCI 3017

Intro to Inequality • Social Differentiation: Fact that people are not the same in a society. Does not imply ranking o Lifestyle o Cultural practices o Occupation o Race, Gender, Ethnicity o Sexual preference o Political practices • Social stratification: rankings based on economic and social position. • Inequality of Condition: Uneven in terms of resources, power and prestige • Inequality of Access: to resources, like education and health care • Economic: Income and Wealth • Prestige: Status • Power: Control over other people • Income: unit of measure if the individual; amount of wages and salaries • Wealth: sum total of material assets; unit of analysis of the household; AKA “Net Worth” • Ascribed status: social position assigned to person without regard for that person’s unique characteristics or talents • Achieved status: social position attained by person largely through his or her own effort (meritocracy/mobility) • Social mobility: Movement of individuals or groups from one position in a society’s stratification system to another • Open system: position of each individual influenced by the person’s achieved position (e.g., social class) • Closed system: allows little or no possibility of moving up (e.g., caste, slavery) • Types of social mobility o Horizontal mobility: movement within same range of prestige o Vertical mobility: movement from one position to another of a different rank o Intragenerational mobility: social position changes within person’s adult life (Time article) • Karl Marx (1818-1883) - German philosopher, historian, revolutionary • Max Weber (1864-1920) - German economist, politics, • W.E.B. DuBois (1868-1963) - black American; • C. Wright Mills (1916 - 1962) - American • Marx’s theory of class o Social relations depend on who controls the mode of production o Capitalism:
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