Lecture 15.docx

3 Pages
Unlock Document

International Affairs
INTA 1110
Tarun Chaudhary

Review - Realism o The importance of power o Countries will seek IOs in order to control the world through them  IOs are puppets of the world’s great powers - Constructivism o The importance of ideas and identity o IOs are an expression of international norms  a country can spread ideas through IOs - Liberalism o The importance of choice (agency) o The availability of information leads to more peaceful resolutions internationally o Kant says that IOs are key to international cooperation What are international organizations and why have them? - International Organization members are able to : o Express legitimacy o Establish and enforce norms and “international law”  A country can promote its own ideas o IOs can act as a “neutral community representative” o Legitimize actions  Launder otherwise contentious political actions  Getting the “stamp” from an international organization legitimizes an action - IOs keep transaction costs low United Nations - Came into being shortly after WWII – 1945 - 193 members - Set-up in order to address shortcomings of League of Nations o No military power  “no teeth” o No US participation - The UN System o State sovereignty both creates a need for the UN and hampers its ability to create effective change - Purposes o Practically a world government o Members are those against whom the UN has not had to act without their consent o Meant to provide a global institutional structure to resolve conflicts - UN Charter o States are equal under international law o Full sovereignty o Independence and territorial integrity o States should carry out international obligations o UN was created to serve the needs of individual states o Also meant to work towards solutions for poverty and hunger o Still spends less than $30 billion per year on its budget - Structure o General Assembly: representatives (193 of them) sit in a room to listen, speak, and pass resolutions o UN Security Council: 5 great powers (France, Russia, UK, United States, China) and 10 rotating powers - Secretariat o The executive branch of the UN led by the Secretary-General o Nomin
More Less

Related notes for INTA 1110

Log In


Join OneClass

Access over 10 million pages of study
documents for 1.3 million courses.

Sign up

Join to view


By registering, I agree to the Terms and Privacy Policies
Already have an account?
Just a few more details

So we can recommend you notes for your school.

Reset Password

Please enter below the email address you registered with and we will send you a link to reset your password.

Add your courses

Get notes from the top students in your class.