Lecture 1

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Department
International Affairs
Course
INTA 2XXX
Professor
Murat
Semester
Spring

Description
1/8 Lecture 1 – Chapter 1 Mecca and the Rise of Islam - Sacred to multiple religions - Became the home to Islam - Upon a failed assassination, Mohammad moved to Medina where he gained enough followers to retake Mecca - Islam reached as far as Western China and Central Spain - Mohammad was born in 7 century - Mecca was important because of its strategic location on the spice route - Had major water sources making it important to the region - Location of the Kaaba – major religious site - Violence prohibited within a 20 mile region around Mecca – made it more attractive to traders 1/11 Lecture 2 – Chapter 1 Historical Background of the Middle East Historical Background - Hydraulic States – legitimacy based on their ability to organize large numbers of workers o Built and maintained canals, irrigation, roads,etc. - Because of the scarcity of water, the middle east lacks a large number of urban areas - 40% still live in villages, tribes Islam - Sharia (Islamic Law): Quran, Sunna, ijma (consensus
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