Fearing james ii attempt to restore a catholic england. William of orange (a protestant prince from the netherlands) and his wife mary (eldest daughter of james ii who was a protestant) James ii fled england without a fight (bloodless revolution) with william and mary established as rulers. Parliament passed two important acts: english bill of rights. No fear to petition king about complaints no army in time of peace no excessive bail in courts: toleration act. Gave religious freedom to all christian groups. As result of the glorious revolution, england became a limited constitutional monarchy (king"s powers were limited by a written set of documents. ) 1. montesquieu- in spirit of laws he felt best government was divided into three branches. Isaiah 33:22 god is our judge, lawmaker, and king . Crush the infamous thing (get rid of anything that was not enlightenment) I may disapprove of what you say but i will defend to the death your right to say it.