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Lecture 1

ART 155 Lecture Notes - Lecture 1: Lascaux, Chauvet Cave, Megalith


Department
Art
Course Code
ART 155
Professor
Lea Cline
Lecture
1

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UNIT 1: PREHISTORIC ART
STUDY TERMS AND OBJECTS
VOCABULARY
Prehistoric: before history
Paleolithic: old
Relief Sculpture: attached to a greater object (2-D)
Sculpture in the round: sculpted all the way around (360 degrees)
Naturalism: a style and theory of representation based on the accurate depiction of detail.
Abstraction: able to think about other things not in front of us (inanimate thoughts)
Megalith: massive stone structures
Post and Lintel Construction: building system where strong horizontal elements are held up by
strong vertical elements with large spaces between them
ART OBJECTS
Human with feline head, from Hohlenstein-Stadel, Germany: upper Paleolithic, mammoth
ivory- shaman figure (ritual)
Two Bison, from Le Tue d’Audoubert Cave, Ariège, France: upper Paleolithic, clay
Venus of Willendorf, from Willendorf, Austria: upper Paleolithic, limestone
Lascaux Cave, “Hall of Bulls,” “Rhinoceros, wounded man, and disemboweled bison”
Chauvet Cave:
Stonehenge: Salisbury (chalk) plane, Neolithic, England, (Hanging stones/ stone circles)
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