ART 176 Lecture 10: Art 176-Midterm

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6 Feb 2017
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African American Art
Alma Thomas (American 1891-1978), Resurrection 1966
-Washington Color School
-White House dining room- first time the work of an African American woman artist entered the
permanent art collection of the White House
Glen Ligon, American, born 1960, Untitled: Four Etchings [A-D], 1992
-softground etching, aquatint, spitbite, and sugarlift aquatint in black and Rivers BFK paper
-Zora Neale Hurston, "How It Feels to Be Colored Me" (1928)
-Ralph Ellison, Invisible man (1952)
Joshua Johnson, American, born c.1773, active 1796-1824, The Westwood Children
Circa 1807, oil on canvas
Robert Seldon Duncanson, American, 1821-1872, Still Life with Fruit and Nuts, 1848, oil on board
Still Life:
-objects arranged to be painted
-Demonstration of artist's skill (surface)
Joshua Johnson's and Robert Duncanson's
-Their work looks like the work of any other artisit of this period (especially Johnson's)
-Why might this be the case?
Think back to Linda Nochlin's essays ("Why Have There Been No Great Women Artists?")
-restrications on artists
-what were they not free to do? (nothing to do with the nude figure)
Henry Ossawa Tanner, American, 1859-1937, The Seince, c.1902, oil on canvas
Born: Pittsburg, PA
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Studied:
-Pennsylvania Academy of Fine Arts (Philadelphia)
-Académie Julian, Paris, France
The Banjo Lesson, 1893
-Painted while back in the US
-went to Blue Ridge Mountains, North Carolina
-parallels to Robert Henir, Portrait of Eva Green
"In American, I'm Henry Tanner, Negro artist, but in France, I'm monsieur
Horace Pippin, John Brown Going to his Hanging
Horace Pippin, American, 1888-1946, Interior, 1944, oil on canvas
Aaron Douglas, American, 1899-1979, Into Bondage, 1936, oil on canvas
-commissioned for the Texas Centennial Exposition, Dallas, TX
-1 of 4 murals for the Hall of Negro Life
-Hall opened on June 19th (aka Juneteenth-holiday that celebrates the end of slavery)
-Harlem Renaissance- mid-1920's, NYC
What is it?
The Harlem Renaissance was a flowering of African American social thought which was
expressed through
-Paintings
-Music
-Dance
-Theater
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William H. Johnson, Going to Church, 1940-41
Oil on burlap
Lift Up Thy Voice and Sing,
Jacob Lawrence, (1917-2000), The Migration Series, 1940-41, 60 panels, tempera on hardboard
Romare Bearden, Spring Way, 1964. Collage on paper board
Spiral (July 1963)- group of 12 artists
-how could they as artists contribute to the civil rights movement?
-Collages (Life and Ebony magazines)
Bearden: I needed "to redefine the image of man in terms of the Negro experience."
Howardenea Pindell, (American, born 1943) Untitled, #20, 1974,
Collage with hole-punched paper dots, pen and black ink, monofilament, and talcum powder on
oak tag paper
Martin Puryear, (American, born 1941), Lever No.3, 1989, carved and painted wood
Kara Walker, (American, born 1969), Freedom, a Fable: A Curious Interpretation of the Wit of a Negress
in Troubled Times, 1997, bound volume of offset lithographs and a five laser-cut, poo-up silhouettes on
wove paper
Kara Walker, A Subtlety, or the Marvelous Sugar Baby
The Issues of Art and Class
Feminism: a social and political movement based on the idea that all people, regardless of gender, race,
class, ability, sexual orientation, religion, and ethnicity are equal and should be treated as such.
-"Waves" of feminism
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