SOC 106 Lecture Notes - Lecture 2: Age Of Enlightenment, Émile Durkheim, Agrarian Society

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Published on 26 Jan 2017
SOC 106
Sociology Lecture #2
Sociology questions:
1. Why are we sitting in traffic?
2. What are the consequences of traffic?
- The average American spends 100 hours a year commuting
- Married people who spend more than 45 min a day commuting are more likely
to get a divorce.
Obstacles to developing the sociological imagination
- Cultural belief in individualism and self- determination
- Myth of liberal individualism, merit of free will
- Coo “ese kowledge of persoal experiece
-We assume our known experiences are universal and generalizable.
- Critical nature of the discipline
-Sociology challenges taken for granted assumptions on how the world works
The value of the sociological perspective
- Appreciation for diversity and broadens personal views
-Empowers people to recognize their role in history
-Helps us understand obstacles to solving social problems
-Helps us go against simple explanations of complex issues.
Tools of the Trade
Sociological theory
-Sociology emerged out of two dramatic social changes:
1. The Enlightenment
2. The Industrial Revolution
The Enlightenment (18th C)
- Age of Reason
-Emergence of the Ideal of Political Liberty
-Political Revolutions
-Rise of science and natural thought
The Industrial Revolution (19th C)
-Shift from Agrarian society to Industrial Economy
-Urbanization- The push ad pull
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