PSYC 20651 Lecture 10: Child Psychology Chapter 7 Part 2

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Memory: retention of information over time, basic properties required: Short-term memory: limited capacity for retaining information (15 to 30 seconds) Working memory: mental workbench where information is manipulated in short-term memory. Involved in decision making, problem solving, and language comprehension. We don"t store and retrieve data in the same way as technology does. People mold memories to fit information that already exists in their minds. Schema: mental frameworks that organize concepts and information. When individuals encode information, they create two types of memory representations: Fuzzy trace: not all details remembered but remember the gist of it. Content knowledge: our ability to remember new information about a subject depends on what we already know about it. Experts: have acquired extensive knowledge about a particular content area. Implicit memory : memories of skills and routine procedures that are performed automatically without conscious recollection. Explicit memory: conscious memory of facts and experiences.

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