ART 234 Lecture Notes - Lecture 1: Fauvism, Henri Matisse, Green Stripe

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9 Oct 2016
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Matisse & Fauves #1
August 30
Matisse and Fauves #1
20th century
-industrial growth, scientific growth
-enormous destruction, WWI, WWII, Korean War, Vietnam war
-gadgets made to make life easier were used as destructive devices
Henri Matisse 1869-1954
-unlikely as avant guard b/c from middle class and went to Law School until he got
sick and his parents brought him pastels while recovering — he started drawing and
never stopped
-inventive, willingness to take risk but thoughtful
-artistically educated in Paris
Carmeline, 1903
-one of his early works
-called a studio nude or studio work
-frontal and with immediacy that is similar to
Monet
-broad brush strokes
-illustrated light and shadow
-background works as a grid to keep the figure
in place
-paints himself in the mirror
!1
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Matisse & Fauves #1
Male Nude, 1903
-a studio nude
-uses value (amount of light and dark) to create depth and 3
dimensionality
-frontal, no-nonsense nude, not superficial
-sketchy, loose, free brush technique with thoughtfulness — an
uncommon style
Luxe, Calme et Volupte, 1904-05
-colorful light of the mediterranean
-open environment of Collioure provides him with a freedom
-pointillism — influenced by George Serat
-comparison made to “A Sunday Afternoon”
-larger brush strokes that stand out individually
-light colors to bring forwards different parts the body
-hot colors to cool colors
-dominant color is red and
highlights are green —
!2
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Matisse & Fauves #1
opposite of A Sunday Afternoon
-based on his imagination, a paradise
-art creates a kind of beauty based on reality, a paradise
-idea of a more relaxed life style
-artists were 1st people to go down south and live a free lifestyle (the nudes)
Joy of Life, 1905-06
-simplicity
-large areas of saturated color
-bodies merging
-angulating 2 dimensional lines that read 3 dimensional
-intense colors
-paradise through an exaggeration of senses
-arbitrary with color and line
-arcadian landscape — traditionally western
-influenced by Greek pottery — not admired in this time period
-watershed work that lead to other works
-a genesis for his future work
-influenced by Picasso (lived in Paris starting 1904) — competition between the two of
them
-arcadian vision
!3
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