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Lecture 1

HIST 2055 Lecture Notes - Lecture 1: Burr Conspiracy, Harriet Beecher Stowe, Presidency Of George Washington

Course Code
HIST 2055

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History 2055 Notes Andrew Burstein
August 27, 2015
Historic Memory/Historic Amnesia
-Distortion of historic memory reflects a subconscious need to make the past simple
-“lae as stitl a southe pheoeo.
-Aolitioists ee a ajoit i the Noth.
-Hoagy Carmichael (1899-1961)
-Also the opose of Geogia o M Mid
-“tadust  is a sog aout nostalgia for a song. Its like making a movie
about a movie
-The opposite of historical amnesia is historical nostalgia
-Feelings of past, missed, the past becomes something magical,
-Put a halo aoud soethig a oet o tie i the past
-History is raw emotion
-History is a slow process of forgetting
-What are we other than our memories?
-When you forget your past you lose apart of yourself
-How history repeats itself
-Historic Memory
-Every nation needs a history, beginning with an origins story, unifying themes,
instructive narratives, and commemorative rituals, all playing on Nostalgia
-Each generation reshapes a collective identity so as to underscore its right as an
iheito of the oigial isio all e ad oe ae eated eual…eall?
-Stories that convey a sense of the Natio’s Virtue justify belief in its political
strength and cultural supremacy
-In sum, history is envisioned anew by each generation. Memory, fragmentary
as it is, becomes malleable through the force of a political or cultural Ideology
Questions We Might Ask
(Wee got a opliated histo, so lets fae up to it
-Does democracy bring social stability or instability?
-Do voters always understand what is really in their best interest?
-When people are unaware or uneducated they cannot vote in a fair way for
them or the rest of the country
-How different would American history have been if the Europeans had landed on an
uninhabited continent-this is, if there were no Indians?
-How did Indian culture have an impact on American Culture?
-Iitiall, Euopeas ote hoe of the getleess ad doilit of the
indigenous people of the North American continent. Could settlement have occurred,
then, without resort to war?
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History 2055 Notes Andrew Burstein
-Are the Founders accountable for failing to put a swift end to slavery? What might have
been a workable solution, given what we know about their world?
-No one man should have all that power
-(There are more black males in prison today than there were black males enslaved on
the eve of the civil war)
-What historical forces compound that natural anxieties people feel?
Ways of Thinking in the Age of the Seafarer
-A spherical Earth was the basis for ancient Greek cartography, and flat earth thinking
was never dominant among educated people. The grid patterns of early maps, which
-Early 16th century map showing curvature plus grid
-The Biblical inheritance of Eden as a terrestrial paradise, a place of delight and spring
year-round, was a metaphor evoked during the colonial era in American History.
Meanwhile, a different strain-HUMANISM-focused attention on human dignity and the
rational growth of the human mind
-Thursday September 17th class is being filmed for national TV
-1635 Map shows most of North America as unknown
The Enterprising Columbus
-…Cast his issio i tes of doig Gods ok, et his desie as fo ihes
-After his initial Caribbean discovery (either a small island or the larger island of
Hispaiola, he esoted to eslaig the aties ad …
-Americans began to fashion him into a moral hero in poetry written during the Rev. in
1828, Washington Irving dramatically portrayed Columbus as a George Washington-
style republican in the first English-Language biography
-This is a good example of how ensuring generations manipulate history for their own
ends (The Works of Washington Irving, The Life an Voyages of Christopher Columbus)
The Columbian Exchange
-Old World to New:
-New World to Old:
-Horse, cow, sheep
-Beans, corn
-Chicken, pig
-Tomato, avocado,
-Wheat, rice
-Sweet potato
September 1st (NOT ON TEST)
The French in Canada
-Samuel de Champlain sent by crown to establish fur trade monopoly in America
(modern Nova Scotia)
-Founded Quebec in 1608, situated about St. Lawrence River in best natural military
stronghold in North America
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History 2055 Notes Andrew Burstein
-Forged commercial alliances with Indians, introducing European weaponry
*ap of Chaplais Routes from 1603-1615
-In 1609 Henry Hudson established trading posts where he traded mink, otter, beaver
-At the time Dutch were only actively trading with Iroquois
-Fearing competition with the Dutch, the French blocked the route
-Commercial competitions became political and threatening
-Population of New France did not reach 2500 until 1660. This number included a good
many Jesuit, meant to convert Indians
-To encourage permanent settlement, cash was offered to habitants (settlers) who
cleared land
-In 18th century, Anglo-French rivalry accelerated, with Indians as pawns (proxy fighters).
This led eventually to French and Indian War, when French has to abandon their claims
in Canada
-Founded 1718, amid boasts of the natural fertility of the land, NOLA was soon
thereafter populated by a hodgepodge of social types: corrupt officials, Ursuline nuns,
sly smugglers, tobacco planters, and their slaves, free people of color
-Back in France, it was an imagined place of enchantment; also a wild, carefree port
known for malaria, sexual license, and crime. At the mouth of the Mississippi, it was
fo the stat the “ouths tade ea
-Cattle, Horses, and Sheep were all sent over, and a dynamic culture formed
despite the harsh winter
-Canada practically interviewed and selected immigrants to live in Canada as
opposed to the general inhabitation of Louisiana
-New Orleans was the place where Indians, slaves, escapes, joined together
Dutch New Amsterdam
-Short-lived colony (1609-1664) extended from Manhattan up the Hudson River to
-Englishman Henry Hudson was hired by Dutch East India Company to find river route to
Pacific (and India)
-Duth goeos udetook as i s-40s to contest English power in Connecticut,
but otherwise showed little vision for the colony. Surrendered New Amsterdam to
English in 1664, renamed New York
-Bankers who essentially bailed out US in American Revolution
-Dutch inhabitants was a place of religious toleration and a hub for the fur and
African Slave Trade (Before England took over)
-Once England became aggressive, England used their overwhelming military
strength to overthrow and force the surrender of the Manhattan area where Dutch
settlers were found
Spanish Floida the Floidas
-1559, Pensacola (on the Gulf of Mexico) was the first Spanish settlement, but soon
hurricanes drove out settlers
-1565, St. Augustine (on the Atlantic) was the first permanent European town
-The Indian population of Florida at the time of settlement was approx. 300,000
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