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Lecture 1

MC 2000 Lecture Notes - Lecture 1: Soft Media, John Peter Zenger, International News Service


Department
Mass Communication
Course Code
MC 2000
Professor
L.Apcar
Lecture
1

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MC2000 2/12/16
Newspapers
Chapter 4
The Earliest Newspapers
In Caesar’s time, Rome had Acta Diurna (actions of the
day)
o It was written on a tablet and posted on wall
after each Senate meeting
A Short History of Newspapers
Today’s newspapers have their roots in the 17th-century
Europe’s Corantosone-page news sheets about specific
events
Diurnals are true forerunners of daily newspapera
term that entered the English language by the 1660s
Colonial Newspapers
Bookseller/print shops posted broadsides or
broadsheets
Boston News-Letter published from 1704 until the
Revolution
In 1734 publisher John Peter Zenger criticized that
colony’s royal governor and was jailed for seditious
libel
Newspapers After Independence
1790: Bill of Rights
First Amendment reads: “Congress shall make no
law…abridging the freedom of speech, or of the press…”
1798: Congressed passed four laws known collectively
as the Alien and Sedition Acts; they were not renewed
when Congress reconsidered them in 1800
The Modern Newspaper Emerges
Benjamin Day’s September 3, 1833 issue of New York Sun
was the first example of the penny press
Gordon Bennett’s New York Morning Herald pioneered the
correspondent system by placing reporters in
Washington, D.C., and other major U.S. cities as well
as abroad
1948: Six New York papers decided to pool efforts and
share expenses
Other domestic wire services followed:
o Associated Press (1900)
o United Press (1907)
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