PSY 101 Lecture 1: CHAPTER ONE 1.10.17

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7 Feb 2017
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CHAPTER ONE
!
Difference between psychology and
pseudopsychologies
!
!Psedopsychologies!are!based!on!
common!beliefs,!folklore!or!
superstitions!!
o!Can!give!the!appearance!of!
science!!
!Barnum!Effect!or!Forer!affect!!
What is Psychology?
!The!scientific!study!of!behavior!and!
mental!processes!!
!Behavior!
o!Anything!we!do!!!sleeping,!
heartbeat,!breathing!
!Mental!processes!!
o!Internal!thoughts!and!
experiences!!!feelings,!
emotions,!memories!
Why study psychology?
!Increase!understanding!of!yourself!!
!Broaden!education!!
!Improve!ability!to!consume!
psychological!studies!presented!in!
the!media!!
!Improve!critical!thinking!!
Psychology
s Goals
!Description:!The!what!!
!Explanation:!The!why!!
!Prediction:!The!when!
!Change:!The!how!to!do!it!differently!!
History of Psychology
!Structuralism!
o!Goal:!Identify!the!structure!
of!mental!life!by!identifying!
elements!of!consciousness!
and!how!they!make!up!the!
mind!!
o!Method:!Introspection!!
o!Important!person:!Edward!
Titchener!(Student!of!
Wilhelm!Wundt)!
!Functionalism!!
o!Goal:!Identify!the!function!of!
mental!processes!in!adapting!
to!environments!(I.E.!Why!do!
we!experience!anger!and!
what!does!it!mean)!!!
o!Method:!Psychological!
testing,!observation!of!
behaviors!!
o!Important!person:!William!
James!!!
!Psychoanalysis!!
o!Goal:!Understand!the!
influence!of!conscious!and!
unconscious!mental!
processes!on!behavior!!
o!Method:!Psychoanalysis!!
o!Important!person:!Sigmund!
Freud!!
!
!
!
!
!
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