Race and Inequality 11/14/2012 8:30:00 AM
A. What is Race?
Social creation of arbitrary grouping of individuals in a society based on the
color of their skin.
B. Races around the Globe
White? Definition varies from country to country. Some countries
just fair skin color, (India)
Black? In Africa anyone who is not African black is labeled as white.
C. Races in the U.S. and Future Trends
In 1980 80% white American, and very few all others.
1990 76% and little more for all others.
2000 70% white, big jump in Hispanic. Number 2 population was
Hispanic not black.
2010 64% white.
Prediction that by 2030 the white population will be in the minority.
Less than 50%
D. Historical Background
1. Early Encounters with Native Americans
a. Ethnocentrism- labeling of Natives as Savages, Animalistic, and
b. Cooperation and relative equality changed to domination
c. Acquisition of Native Land
d. Natives pushed to reservations
e. Native Americans, their socioeconomic conditions- even now if
you look at mortality rate, social economic, and other factors are
still very low. Casinos are helping but not much.
2. Arrival of Blacks
a. resistance from Native Americans
c. 1619: A Dutch ship brought 20 Africans to Jamestown, Virginia
d. Need for plantations
e. 10 million Africans were sold in Africa, but only half of them
arrived in the U.S. alive (Franklin, 1967) (half died on the way
f. Labeling of blacks as savages and animalistic g. Treatment by the masters was extremely cruel with no legal
rights- do whatever you want to your slaves and it was legally
h. Outlawed in 1808, but until 1850, 10% of American families
3. Hispanics in America
a. IN 1848 the United States conquered and bought the areas
where we have Texas, California, Nevada, Utah, Arizona, New
Mexico, and Colorado from Mexico
b. Most Mexicans, however, came to the U.S. during the 20
century as farm labor
c. Other Hispanics include: Puerto Ricans, Cubans, and a small
percentage from other Spanish0speaking areas
d. Economic Conditions
4. Asians in America
d. Indian and Pakistanis
Immigration Act of 1990
-Enacted by the Bush Government