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Race and Inequality 8.docx

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Michigan State University
PSY 101

Race and Inequality 11/14/2012 8:30:00 AM A. What is Race? Social creation of arbitrary grouping of individuals in a society based on the color of their skin. B. Races around the Globe  White? Definition varies from country to country. Some countries just fair skin color, (India)  Black? In Africa anyone who is not African black is labeled as white. Indians, etc.  Asian? C. Races in the U.S. and Future Trends  In 1980 80% white American, and very few all others.  1990 76% and little more for all others.  2000 70% white, big jump in Hispanic. Number 2 population was Hispanic not black.  2010 64% white.  Prediction that by 2030 the white population will be in the minority. Less than 50% D. Historical Background 1. Early Encounters with Native Americans a. Ethnocentrism- labeling of Natives as Savages, Animalistic, and Heathens b. Cooperation and relative equality changed to domination c. Acquisition of Native Land d. Natives pushed to reservations e. Native Americans, their socioeconomic conditions- even now if you look at mortality rate, social economic, and other factors are still very low. Casinos are helping but not much. 2. Arrival of Blacks a. resistance from Native Americans b. 1500-1850 c. 1619: A Dutch ship brought 20 Africans to Jamestown, Virginia d. Need for plantations e. 10 million Africans were sold in Africa, but only half of them arrived in the U.S. alive (Franklin, 1967) (half died on the way over) f. Labeling of blacks as savages and animalistic g. Treatment by the masters was extremely cruel with no legal rights- do whatever you want to your slaves and it was legally aloud h. Outlawed in 1808, but until 1850, 10% of American families owned slaves. 3. Hispanics in America a. IN 1848 the United States conquered and bought the areas where we have Texas, California, Nevada, Utah, Arizona, New Mexico, and Colorado from Mexico th b. Most Mexicans, however, came to the U.S. during the 20 century as farm labor c. Other Hispanics include: Puerto Ricans, Cubans, and a small percentage from other Spanish0speaking areas d. Economic Conditions 4. Asians in America a. Chinese b. Filipinos c. Japanese d. Indian and Pakistanis e. Koreans Immigration Act of 1990 -Enacted by the Bush Government 1. Total
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