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PSY 101
Professor Hambrick

Chapter 16: Social Psychology Social Psychology: The scientific study of how we think about, influence, and relate to one another. Social Thinking: Attributing Behaviors to Persons or to Situations. Fundamental Attribution Error: Tendency for Observers, when analyzing another’s behavior, to underestimate the impact of the situation and to overestimate the impact of personal disposition. Jones and Harris  Subjects serves as “debaters” in discussion of US attitudes towards Cuba and Castro. - in full view of other debaters, subjects randomly assigned to read aloud debate speeches that were either pro-Cuba or anti-Castro. - Then there other debaters rate speech readers’ true attitudes toward Castro. Attributions Differ: Some people blamed the New Orleans residents for not evacuating before Katrina. Others attributed their interaction to the situation— to their not having transportation. Attitudes Affect Action: - Attitude: feelings, often influenced by our beliefs, that predispose us to respond in a particular way to objects, people and events. - Foot-In-The-Door: People have first agreed to a small request then comply later with a larger request. - Role-Playing Affects Attitudes: when we adopt a new role, we strive to follow social prescriptions. In the famous Stanford Prison experiment, a toxic situation triggered degraded behaviors among those assigned to the guard role. - Cognitive Dissonance: Idea that we act to reduce discomfort we feel when two of our thoughts are inconsistent. Conformity: Adjusting ones behavior or thinking to coincide with a group standard - Conditions that streng
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