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HIST 1100 (58)
Lecture

Quaker Pennsylvania

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Department
History
Course
HIST 1100
Professor
John Wigger
Semester
Spring

Description
The Chesapeake: Tobacco and Slaves 02/07/2012 th Life in the 17  century Chesapeake Demographics: 6 persons per square mile People spreading out to grab land to grow tobacco Malaria: a great debilitator Made people weak enough to be prosperous and do well in farming Susceptible to other diseases Life expectancy: 48 years for men 44 years for women Parental death:  Most children lost one parent before becoming adults; 1/3 lost both Men and women looked to get remarried very quickly to fulfill lost role Unfree labor: th 85 percent of immigrants to 17  century Maryland arrived as indentured servants 80 percent of indentured servants were men about age 20.  Most served 5 to 7 years Gender imbalance: As late as 1704, men outnumbered women 4 to 1 Premarital pregnancy: About 10 percent of births out of wedlock Up to 1/3 of women pregnant when they wed Less parental and community control Tobacco’s Troubles Price collapse in 1629: Prices sink 97% From 39 pence/pound to 1 pence/pound Stabilized at 2­3 pence/pound Cost to produce about 2 pence/pound Productivity 65,000 pounds shipped annually in early 1620’s 1 million pounds by end of 1630’s 20 million pounds by late 1670s Little opportunity Little upward mobili
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