Here you go.
The Progressive Era (19001916)
was never a single movement, just a spirited discontent with corporate power.
hoped bringing about significant change in American social and political life
Women were center of the movement, questioned gender roles.
Progressives believed that the Gilded Age laissezfaire approach towards the economy and business no longer worked. Did not
want to overturn the system, just manage it.
The promise of the progressive era was a better life for those who had been left behind during the rapid
economic expansion, urbanization and industrialization of the gilded age.
A. Civilizing the City
1. Settlement House Movement: Popularized by Jane Addams and Lillian Wald. Gave college educated women a place to put
their knowledge and talents to work – more than 400 in 1911
2. Social Gospel: Used by churched to confront urban social problems. Not only the individual but also society. WWJD (What
Would Jesus Do?)
3. Social Purity Movement: Attacked vices such as prostitution, political corruption, and alcoholism
4. Temperance: Effort to end the sale of liquor.
5. Progressive Attitudes: Believed environment, not heredity alone, determined human behavior.
B. Progressives and the Working Class
1. Women’s Trade Union League: Brought together women workers and middle class “allies”.
2. Uprising of Twenty Thousand: A strike of women at the Triangle Shirtwaist Company in NYC to protest low wages, dangerous
working conditions and management’s refusal to recognize their union. Failed to fundamentally change conditions for women
3. Triangle Shirtwaist Factory Fire: March 1911 – Burnt to the ground in a half hour. 146 died, many other injured. Owners
escaped prosecution when authorities determined fire was because of a careless smoker. Led to new factory inspection laws and
fire safety codes.
4. Protective Legislation: WTUL turned its efforts to lobbying for laws that would limit hours and regulate working conditions.
Muller v. Oregon, upheld an Oregon law that limited the hours women would work to ten a day.
5. National Consumers League: Urged middleclass women to boycott stores and exert pressure for decent wages and working
conditions for women
Progressivism: Theory and Practice
A. Reform Darwinism and Social Engineering
1. Reform Darwinism: Argued that evolution could advance more rapidly if men and women used heir intellects to alter the
environment. Condemned theories of laissezfaire government and insisted that the liberal state should play a more active role in
solving social problems. 2. Scientific Management: Progr