MU - Music MU 125 Lecture Notes - Lecture 7: Claude Debussy, Conservatoire De Paris, Character Piece

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23 Mar 2017
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Marley Redd
Music in Society
Lecture Week 7
Date: 3/20/17
Assignment: Chapter 29 on Claude Debussy and Impressionism
Listen to: Claire de Lune
Read Chapters: 22-26 for Lecture Week Six
(Skip chapter 28)
Review of Romantic Italian Opera style
Bel Canto style “beautiful singing” and long held notes
“La Donne mobile” is a good example (read in class)
II Volo sings “Ol Sole Mio” (my sunshine) (Italian song written in 1898)
German Opera
Richard Wagner “music drama” “The Ring Cycle”
NO breaks in the performance / more serious
Mythology based extremely long / epic
Chapter 28: Nationalism and Smetana
Nationalism
Depicting one’s country in art or music
Patriotism
Using imagery from one’s country
Using folk music from one’s country
Composer: Bedrich Smetana
Czech composer of programmatic music
Was against absolute music for programmatic
Pioneered nationalistic movement in music
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Gifted pianist and violinist
Moldau from Ma Vlast (Smetana)
2 springs depicted by two flutes
Water gets slower/deeper
Strings play main melody (river theme)
River goes by Hunters: (brass fanfare)
River passes by a Dance (wedding ) strings
Nightfall (harp/strings use a mute) mute: rubber placed on the bridge (softens sound)
“St. John’s Tapids” timpani / brass / cymbals
Historic castles: brass chorale
River fades away (decrescendo)
“The End” chord
Date: 3/21/17
Assignment: Chapter 30 on the 20th century and chapter 31 on mainstream music and Benjamin
Britton
Listen to War Requiem
Impressionism
French art movement
Towards symbolism, obscuring of lines
Often depictures nature
In art, many individual brush strokes
Music: fewer instruments, uses colors sonorities
No traditional forms / not goal-oriented like German music
No deep definite messages just general impressions
Example: “La Mer” (the ocean)
Claude Debussy
French impressionistic composer
Paris conservatory
Pianist wrote piano and orchestra music
Against heavy German goal oriented music “Music is meant to be enjoyed at every
moment”
Wrote: “Claire de Lune” (page 262) “Moonlight”
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