MU - Music MU 125 Lecture Notes - Lecture 8: Expo 58, John Philip Sousa, God Save The Queen

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31 Mar 2017
School
Department
Marley Redd
MU 125 Music in Society
Lecture Week 8
Assignment: Read Chapter 35-36 / today covers chapter 34: Chance Music and Electronic Music
Chance Music (from ch. 34)
Philosophy (do try to not control music)
“Goal-less” (mirrors Zen philosophy) eliminates purpose
The performance is left to chance
Contains improvisation
Very little or no notation lists
Sometimes referred to as “aleatoric music”
John Cage (chance music composer)
20th century avant-garde composer of chance music
Used recorded sounds
Used objects and plants
Used sounds from environment
Used words and poetry
Wrote “4 minutes and 33 seconds”
Electronic Music
New engineered sounds and computer manipulated sounds
o Any pitch is possible: microtones
o Any timbre is possible
Using recorded sounds
Music concrete: using (and manipulating) recorded sounds as raw material for
composition)
Fear of Drowning (a music concrete piece by Michel Plourde)
Edgar Varese (1883-1965)
French born composer
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Sound engineer/mathematician
He collaborated with the bell telephone company
His innovations led to landline tones
Poeme Electronique (pg. 308)
By: Edgar Varese
Written for 1958 World Fair
Accompanies random images
A soundscape for unusual architecture/rooms (pavilion at world fair) by “Le Corbusior”
(artistic name) not his real name
Date: 3/28/17
Today: Examples of American Music
Patriotic Music
Art Music
Minimalism
U.S. Patriotic Music
Used existing tunes
Roots in European Music
o My Country Tis of Thee is sung to British national anthem
Was often sang to hymn tunes (America the Beautiful)
Early America Wind Band Music
Patriotic Songs and Marches
Community concert band
John Philip Sousa
American Bandmaster
Known as “March King”
Hi invented marching
Originally wrote for wind bands of @50
Invented the sousaphone
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