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ASNS 1150 (18)

Monday, Jan. 13, 2014 (Buddhism)

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Asian Studies
ASNS 1150
Philip Thai

Monday, Jan. 13th - Buddhism One of the World's largest religions Strong influence in East Asia Buddhist Temples Longmen Grottoes: China (Tokyo) Senso-ji: Japan (Pagodas) - made out of wood Haeinsa: Korea ~ houses a large collection of sutras - made out of stone Buddhist statues in Bamiyan, Afghanistan - destroyed by the Taliban in 2001 (WAS the largest stone statue) Origins and Philosophy 6th c. BCE Lifetime of the historical Buddha - Siddhartha Gautama 3rd c. BCE Buddhism spreads in South Asia 1st c. CE Buddhism's arrival in China 4th c. CE Buddhism's arrival in Korea 6th c. CE Buddhism's arrival in Japan Tang Dynasty, 618-907Buddhism becomes "mainstream" in China Spreads from west to east (India - Japan) First Buddha: born in a royal family Siddhartha Gautama Gives up all his attachments Was unhappy with his life even when surrounded by so many people with such a lavish lifestyle Sutras mostly written in Sanskrit  had to be translated into Chinese and other languages (took a long time) Central Tenets • Life is suffering - the world is infinite but our lives are not • People die but get reincarnated • Cycle of Suffering • Suffering comes from worldly attachments (desires) • To end suffering is to break attachments • Free yourself from material goods • Train yourself to not want things • Follow the proper path ('the Way' - D
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