Theories of Personality: Chapter 2
Ancient and Modern Compositional Theories of Personality
physiological, slightly behavioral, molecular, make it simpler
Ancient Egyptian belief: wandering womb = hysteria/hysterical.
Galen: personality controlled by 4 humors.
Humor: a bodily fluid believed to produce a particular behavioral trait.
4 Elements Earth Air Fire Water
4 Qualities Cold Dry Hot Wet
4 Humors Black Bile Yellow Bile Blood Phlegm
4 Melancholic: Choleric: Sanguine: Phlegmatic:
Temperaments/Personality Depressed Irritable Bold Aloof
Styles Pessimistic Restless Robust Apathetic
Brooding Explosive Confident Cold
Pharmaceutical Theories of Personality
Depression is a disease – like diabetes
There are 2 flaws with “depression as a disease”
Modern Compositional Theories
Shift from composition to function
Donald Hebb: Cell
A group of neurons that
develop into a functioning
unit through repeated stimulation.
Gerald Edelman: Neural Darwinism
Each person’s brain evolves according to natural selection.
Zuckerman: seek excitement, take risks, avoid boredom.