Class Notes (997,481)
US (388,977)
NYU (3,275)
Lecture 14

EURO-UA 511 Lecture 14: The GREAT DEPRESSION
Premium

5 Pages
57 Views
Spring 2016

Department
European and Mediterranean Studies
Course Code
EURO-UA 511
Professor
Euro History
Lecture
14

This preview shows pages 1-2. Sign up to view the full 5 pages of the document.
THE GREAT DEPRESSION
I. Occupation of the Ruhr
a. Germany unable to pay reparations, stopped paying
b. France sent forces into Ruhr valley (industrial homeland)
c. France took coal and iron
d. German miners refused to work
e. Germany printed more paper money to pay
II. Hyperinflation
a. German marks (unit of money) lost a ton of value
III. The Dawes Plan (1925)
a. U.S. offers financial assistance
b. Reparations reduced
IV. Reasons for Great Depression
a. U.S. farmers were overproducing, value of crops dropped
b. U.S. stock market crashed in 1929
c. Tons of tariffs exacerbated affects
THE MEXICAN REVOLUTION
I. Causes
a. President Porfirio Diaz – popular, brought stability
b. However there were social/economic issues
find more resources at oneclass.com
find more resources at oneclass.com
b.i. Population was rural + illiterate, health was bad
c. Only the wealthy had power
d. New generation of politicians wanted power
e. Mexico too dependent on foreign investments
f. Diax promised free elections but rigged them
II. The Mexican Revolution
a. Election of 1910
a.i. Francisco Madero ran against Diaz and was jailed
a.ii. Madero called for revolution, Zapata + Pancho began an uprising
a.iii. Diaz fled to Europe, Madero became president
a.iv. General Victoriano Huerta overthrew Madero + executed him
a.iv.1. Sparked a civil war, lasted till 1920
III. Results
a. Thousands of Mexicans died/migrated to the U.S.
b. Most of the economy ruined
c. Constitution of 1917 – very economically oriented
d. Sense of Mexican pride in indigenous culture
RUSSIA
I. Russia in 1815 – largest + most populous nation in Europe, lots of natural resources
a. Technologically + socially + politically backwards
b. Still had serfdom, not industrialized
find more resources at oneclass.com
find more resources at oneclass.com

Loved by over 2.2 million students

Over 90% improved by at least one letter grade.

Leah — University of Toronto

OneClass has been such a huge help in my studies at UofT especially since I am a transfer student. OneClass is the study buddy I never had before and definitely gives me the extra push to get from a B to an A!

Leah — University of Toronto
Saarim — University of Michigan

Balancing social life With academics can be difficult, that is why I'm so glad that OneClass is out there where I can find the top notes for all of my classes. Now I can be the all-star student I want to be.

Saarim — University of Michigan
Jenna — University of Wisconsin

As a college student living on a college budget, I love how easy it is to earn gift cards just by submitting my notes.

Jenna — University of Wisconsin
Anne — University of California

OneClass has allowed me to catch up with my most difficult course! #lifesaver

Anne — University of California
Description
THE GREAT DEPRESSION I. Occupation of the Ruhr a. Germany unable to pay reparations, stopped paying b. France sent forces into Ruhr valley (industrial homeland) c. France took coal and iron d. German miners refused to work e. Germany printed more paper money to pay II. Hyperinflation a. German marks (unit of money) lost a ton of value III. The Dawes Plan (1925) a. U.S. offers financial assistance b. Reparations reduced IV. Reasons for Great Depression a. U.S. farmers were overproducing, value of crops dropped b. U.S. stock market crashed in 1929 c. Tons of tariffs exacerbated affects THE MEXICAN REVOLUTION I. Causes a. President Porfirio Diaz – popular, brought stability b. However there were social/economic issues i. Population was rural + illiterate, health was bad c. Only the wealthy had power d. New generation of politicians wanted power e. Mexico too dependent on foreign investments f. Diax promised free elections but rigged them II. The Mexican Revolution a. Election of 1910 i. Francisco Madero ran against Diaz and was jailed ii. Madero called for revolution, Zapata + Pancho began an uprising iii. Diaz fled to Europe, Madero became president iv. General Victoriano Huerta overthrew Madero + executed him 1. Sparked a civil war, lasted till 1920 III. Results a. Thousands of Mexicans died/migrated to the U.S. b. Most of the economy ruined c. Constitution of 1917 – very economically oriented d. Sense of Mexican pride in indigenous culture RUSSIA I. Russia in 1815 – largest + most populous nation in Europe, lots of natural resources a. Technologically + socially + politically backwards b. Still had serfdom, not industrialized II. Alexander I a. Liberal at first – less censorship + more education b. His friend Napoleon betrayed him so he became conservative at Congress of Vienna c. Decembrist Revolt (1825) i. Alexander died w/out an heir but with two brothers, Constantine (the elder) and Nicholas (the younger) ii. Decembrist army officials wanted Constantine on throne, tried to overthrow government iii. Constantine didn’t even want throne, Decembrists hanged III. Nicholas I a. Return to repressive rule – more censorship + secret police b. Helped put down European revolutions (Congress of Vienna agreement) c. Crimean War i. Nicholas wanted Turkish straits, attacked weak Ottoman Empire ii. Britain + France defended Ottomans, Russia lost iii. Proved Russia was weak (no industry, terrible weapons) IV. Alexander II a. Zemstvo System – communities could deal with their local issues b. Lessened length of army service c. Modernized court system, began industry d. More women’s rights e. Emancipation Edict i. Freed serfs, they lived in mirs (small villages) ii. Peasants had to re-purchase the land they worked on V. Alexander III a. Conservative again – executed radicals responsible for father’s death b. Returned censorship + secret police c. Russification i. Promote Russian nationalism ii. Forced minorities to learn Russian + convert to Russian Ort
More Less
Unlock Document
Start your 2 week free trial

Only pages 1-2 are available for preview. Some parts have been intentionally blurred.

Unlock Document
Start your 2 week free trial
You're Reading a Preview

Unlock to view full version

Unlock Document
Start your 2 week free trial

Share with your friends

Get 2 friends to sign-up for a free trial as well, and get an additional free week

Next

You've reached the limit of 4 previews this month

Create an account for unlimited previews.

Already have an account?

Log In


OR

Don't have an account?

Join OneClass

Access over 10 million pages of study
documents for 1.3 million courses.

Sign up

Join to view


OR

By registering, I agree to the Terms and Privacy Policies
Already have an account?
Just a few more details

So we can recommend you notes for your school.

Reset Password

Please enter below the email address you registered with and we will send you a link to reset your password.

Add your courses

Get notes from the top students in your class.


Submit