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Lecture 7

HIST-UA 157 Lecture Notes - Lecture 7: Bantu Expansion, Tsetse Fly, Old Italic Script

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Pivotal Questions
1. Unit 4 Day 1
a. How does Africa’s climate zones impact development?
There were few ports, so Africa didn’t benefit from trade as much as
societies like Greece
The desert is extremely dangerous and can be quite hostile
Savanna: Most populated zone, a mix between desert and grassland 
Decent for farming
Rivers were hard to navigate because of the cataracts (waterfalls)
b. How does the Tsetse Fly impact human development in Africa?
The tsetse fly gave people “sleeping sickness,” which makes them
almost die
People would want to avoid the danger as much as possible, so they
2. Unit 4 Day 2
a. What are the causes of the Bantu migrations in Africa?
Refers to a migration of the Bantu people into southern Africa 
Spurred by the desertification of the north
There was an abundance of yams and bananas, so the bantu people were
drawn towards the farming opportunities
There was also iron, so that made weapons and materials for slash and
burn farming
3. Unit 4 Day 3
a. I am not including this day’s material on the Unit 4 Exam
4. Unit 4 Day 4
a. What is the significance of the seven hills, Tiber River, and the Appian Way?
Seven Hills: These gave Rome elevation so that they could see potential
oIt also provided protection
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Tiber River: Provided protection
Apian Way: United lots of Rome by connecting Roman cities
b. Who are the people that make up the Romans?
Etruscans: Lived in the north  Romans/Latins adapted Etruscan
alphabet and arches
Greeks: Lived in southern Italy
Latins (Romans): Eventually were the only group since they drove the
Etruscans + Greeks out (settled by Tiber River)
c. Pivotal Question: How did the Law of the Twelve Tables influence the
relationship between Patricians and Plebeians?
12 tables equalized the relationship between the Patricians and
Everyone was equal under the law, so there was not an unfair divide
Tribune enforces this
5. Unit 4 Day 5
a. Describe the four branches of the Roman Republic.
Senate: Made up of 300 patricians who created laws
Consuls: 2 patricians who ruled served one year terms to limit influence
Dictator: One patrician who had total control for 6 months (only during
war time)  Short term so he wouldn’t take control
b. What is paterfamilias and how would this affect the Roman family?
A paterfamilias is the oldest man in the family
The paterfamilias would manage business affairs, property, and conduct
religious resources for the family
Having a paterfamilias shows how there is an inequality between men
and women
c. How did Rome come to control the entire Italian Peninsula?
They drove the Etruscan ruler out of Italy
d. How did Rome treat conquered people during the Roman Republic period?
(509 BCE to 44 BCE)
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