ANTHROP 2200 Lecture Notes - Lecture 1: Tomb Raider Ii, Biological Anthropology, Bipedalism

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Bipedalism
1.
Canines are not enlarged and teeth are small
i.
Non
-
honing Chewing
2.
Material Culture
3.
4.
Hunting (tools and strategy)
5.
Domesticated Foods (plants and animals)
6.
6 attributes to being human
I.
Holistic Anthropology: Humans are complicated. The four fields are used to get a complete
understanding of what it means to be human
-
Trash is extremely valuable
a.
Can tell what is valued and what is not, what is common and what is rare, and
how these ideas change
b.
Study of patterns of behavior through material records
i.
This means when Indiana Jones removes the idol without studying it, he is a
tomb raider
a.
Contextual analysis is important, knowing where something occurred and in
what/who it is in relation to. Without context, an artifact loses all significance
ii.
Archaeology
1.
Recording dying languages
a.
Grouping languages into language families
b.
Understanding how people use words and how those words change in different
situations
c.
Track population movement through language
d.
Understand how languages change through time & with human contact
e.
Multiple aspects including:
i.
Linguistics
2.
Political organization
1.
Social organization
2.
Patterns of behavior
a.
Ceremonies for Puberty, Marriage, Child Birth
1.
Rights of passage
b.
Ethnography: study of a specific culture
-
Ethnology: comparative study of cultures around the world
-
The study of human culture
i.
Cultural
3.
Understand the biological and biocultural aspects of being human
i.
Human evolution
ii.
Yes we are related to non
-
human primates!
a.
Human and non
-
human primate behaviors
iii.
Started as physical measurements of people to categorize populations; we now know
people are ll the same species
iv.
Biological anthropology is studying humans and their interactions with the
environment
v.
Physical
4.
4 Fields of Anthropology
II.
These are some of the topics we will be discussing over the course of the semester
-
Physical Anthropology is an interdisciplinary science, borrowing from other disciplines
-
Subfields of Physical Anthropology
III.
Lecture 1
-
Intro to Physical Anthropology
Tuesday, January 10, 2017 8:57 AM
Unit 1 Page 1
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