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Lecture 11

SOCIOL 4511 Lecture 11: Delinquency Prevention and Juvenile Justice Today (04.13)

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Soc 4511 Delinquency Prevention and Juvenile Justice Today April 13 & April 18 I. Delinquency Prevention A. Intervening in youths’ lives before they engage in delinquency 1. School or parent-based interventions 2. YMCA, Boys/Girls Clubs of America B. Delinquency control or delinquency repression 1. Police arrest, a juvenile court sanction or prison II. Early Prevention of Delinquency A. Early childhood delinquency prevention 1. Purpose = positively influence early risk factors of delinquency 2. Early risk factors a. Poverty, hyperactivity or impulsiveness, inadequate parental supervision, harsh or inconsistent discipline B. Home-based programs 1. Provision of support for families 2. Home visitation a. Nurse-family partnership i. Improve pregnancy outcomes ii. Improve quality of care parents provide to children iii. Improve women’s own personal life-course development C. Improving parenting skills 1. Early family/parent training 2. Most widely cited parenting program a. Oregon Social Learning Center (OSLC) D. Preschool 1. Developmentally appropriate curricula 2. Wide array of cognitive-based enriching activities 3. Activities for parents 4. The Perry Preschool in Ypsilanti, Michigan a. Make back $16 for every dollar spent on the program III. Prevention of Delinquency in Teenage Years A. Focus on preventing and mitigating risk factors 1. E.g., parental conflict/separation, poor housing, dropping out, antisocial peers B. Programs targeting teenagers include… 1. Mentoring 2. School-based programs 3. Job training C. Mentoring 1. Nonprofessional volunteers spend time with at-risk youth a. Federal mentoring program: Juvenile Mentoring Program (JUMP now called MISIY) 2. Effectiveness of mentoring a. 10% reduction in delinquency 1 Soc 4511 b. Effectiveness increases with greater duration of contact D. School programs 1. Target a. Family and school environment b. Youth with highest risk for delinquency 2. Need to be intensive a. Engage parents in helping student to learn b. Reduce negative peer influences E. Job training 1. Job Corps a. Federal program (1964) b. Focus disadvantaged and unemployed youth c. Goal = improve employability thru vocational skills training, education and hea
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